Maintenance of a Boarding House
Maintenance of a Boarding House requires a minimum of weekly tasks all year round, dependent on the quality and quantity of existing structures and grounds. The principle structure is often a Mansion, or Manor House. The house itself is complex, as it has inner needs as well as outer needs. Outside the exterior of the building must keep the unwanted elements out, while allowing access safely to the tenants. Inside, the interior of the building should have functioning utilities and furniture, all of which are subject to the condition of the exterior. Leaks can damage the interior decor as well as the exterior and interior structural strength of the house.
Tenants of the Boarding House pay Rent, which is used to repair the house, make improvements, and pay bills for the property. Bills include Utilities, Taxes, and Mortgages. Utilities include electric, water, sewer, garbage, and others. Rent may be on a Daily, Monthly, or Lease agreement. The term “boarding” originally meant “meals served on a board” (as in “room and board”), in which Boarding Houses would be more like a long stay B&B (Bed and Breakfast), with the emphasis more on dinner meals.
It is an important task of the Landlord to keep tenants that pay rent on time. If rent is paid regularly, then bills should be paid and the architectural condition of the building should be maintained. The Landlord is to then appropriately utilize the funds provided by rent. This in turn keeps renters interested in paying rent to live there. Communal tasks, events, or meals are secondary to the function of affording the shelter.
While the Landlord often owns the property, the owner may delegate responsibilities to a custodian or relative who acts as the Landlord. Boarding Houses often hire local workers, but do not usually have estate staff like a Hotel or traditional Manor House. The Landlord may do most of the work themselves to maintain the property. If the Landlord has family, often they share in the duties, or work elsewhere to supplement family funds to various degrees.
The amount of rent paid cumulatively by all the tenants, should be relative to overall costs of maintaining and improving the properties of the House. Although high rent can provide better facilities, the reality is that many renters can not afford to pay high rent. Therefore a balanced Boarding House will have rooms of all sizes and features, lesser rooms for less rent, and more room and amenities for more rent. Slum Houses held by Slumlords, are usually the result of poor incomes only able to afford small rooms and cheap expenses, and rich incomes produce Manor Houses, with poor income renters as the servants.
It is generally the floor plan of the building that determines whether it is called a Boarding House, or an Apartment House (or Tenement House). Boarding Houses are functionally closer to family households, because those who live there share more of the architectural features and costs of utilities. Boarding Houses have common rooms, including Kitchens and Dining Rooms, that are more “house like”. Apartment Houses are usually partitioned into more independent clusters of rooms, for more private divisions of renting. Apartment Houses share common rooms that are more utilitarian, and the Apartment Buildings themselves are usually located in the city, and therefore not usually “houses” at all, but rather Townhouses. Terms that better describe urban multistory apartment complexes and their function, are “apartment buildings” or Townhouse Apartment Buildings.