Senate House Curia Julia
Senate House, Curia Julia 44-30 BC
The last Senate House built for the Roman Republic after The Hostus Hostilia 700 BC, The Curia Hostilia 650 BC, and The Curia Cornelia 80-50 BC. The Comitium (place of political assembly) was a contiguous part of the Curia. It also included a Vulcan Rostra Altar, used as a podium for speaking. The terms curia and comitium both relate to people gathering together in a single location for a purpose. The Senate began as little more than a council to the king. During the early republic, executive magistrates held power under a King, using the senate as advisors. By the middle republic, the senate was dominant. In the late republic, reforms of Caesar and others brought monarchy back. Julius Caesar was killed in The Theatre of Pompey porticus, where the Senate was temporarily meeting during construction of the Curia Julia.
On the Ides of March (15 March) of 44 BC, Caesar was due to appear at a session of the Senate. Mark Antony, having vaguely learned of the plot the night before from a terrified Liberator named Servilius Casca, and fearing the worst, went to head Caesar off at the steps of the forum. However, the group of senators intercepted Caesar just at the Theatre of Pompey, located in the Campus Martius, and directed him to a room adjoining the east portico.
Curia Julia was later converted into the Church of Saint Adriano in the 1600s.