Archive for April, 2011

Buckminster Fuller

Posted in Alternative Architecture, Individuals / Members / Monsters / Creative Writing, SCOD Thesis, Sustainability with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 30, 2011 by Drogo

Richard B. Fuller Jr. “Bucky”  1895-1983

Design Scientist Inventor / Comprehensive Polymath Thinker

American inventor, machinist, mechanic, laborer, WW1 Navy soldier, industrial manager, scientist, engineer, architect, designer, author, teacher, professor, and genius

Tensegrity, Geodesic domes, Spaceship Earth, Ephemeralization, Synergy, Alternative, Vehicles, Fullerenes, Bucky balls, Tetrahedral Molecular Geometry, Drop City

“I was brought up under an incredible amount of misinformation” – B.F.

Bucky was born in Milton Massachusetts in 1895. He was the grandson of a Unitarian minister (Arthur Buckminster Fuller), and the grandnephew of American Transcendentalist (Margaret Fuller). Like Frank Lloyd Wright, Bucky had a Froebel Preschool-Kindergarten education. As a child, Bucky spent many years on the coast of Maine. He had trouble with abstract geometry at first, oddly, but he already loved inventing tools and contraptions. He became a certified machinist, attended Milton Academy, and later studied at Harvard. He was expelled twice from Harvard; once for partying with a vaudeville troupe, and then for “irresponsibility and lack of interest”.

Bucky realized he was a non-conformist misfit that did not fit the habitation of Harvard Fraternity life. Years later he did eventually get a Science Degree from Bates College in Maine. He worked for the meat-packing industry, and served during WW1 in the Navy. He married Anne Hewlett in 1917. In 1920 Bucky and Anne’s father developed the “Stockade Building System” Company to produce portable, sanitary, weatherproof, fireproof, affordable housing.

His SBS Company did not even make it to the Great Depression. Bucky was bankrupt and unemployed by 1922. While living at public low-income housing in Chicago, Illinois, his 2-year-old daughter Alexandra died from polio and spinal meningitis complications. Allegedly, he felt responsible and this caused him to drink frequently and to contemplate suicide for a while. He finally chose to embark on “an experiment, to find what a single individual [could] contribute to changing the world and benefiting all humanity.”

By 1928 Bucky created a social relationship with a café in Greenwich Village where he could informally lecture, exhibit, and get meals in exchange for interior decorating. It was there he met Isamu Noguchi in 1929. They worked on the Dymaxion Car and began their lifelong friendship and partnership.

In the 1930’s Bucky developed the Dymaxion Car and the Dymaxion House. During WW2 he was head mechanical engineer of the US Board of Economic Warfare.

In the 1940’s Buckminster lectured at Bennington College in Vermont, and taught at the Black Mountain College, North Carolina. He began reinventing Dr. Bauersfeld’s (1926) German geodesic dome, getting US patents, and made it more popular. In 1949 Bucky built his first geodesic dome (icosahedron). The US Army employed his firm Geodesics Inc. to make them domes.

By the 1950’s there were thousands of geodesic domes around the World. In 1955 Bucky met a new partner, James Fitzgibbon.

In the 1960’s Bucky taught at Southern Illinois University. During a meeting of the International Union of Architects in Paris, Bucky initiated a “World Design Science Decade (65-75)” to apply the principles of science to solve human problems. During this time Bucky advocated alternative renewable energy sources, and a global awakening awareness of Synergy on Spaceship Earth that makes corrupt politics obsolete.

At the Symposium on the Science of Creative Intelligence in Amherst, MA 1971; Buckminster Fuller and Maharishi Mahesh Yogi spoke at a Press Conference together. Bucky criticized previous utopian schemes as too exclusive, and thought this was a major source of their failure. To work, he thought that a utopia needs to include everyone.

As a Unitarian philosopher and scientific environmentalist, Bucky developed a term to protect our resources called Ephemeralization which meant “doing more with less”. Also combining Unitarian philosophy with science, engineering, and architecture he gave us the term Synergy. Synergetics uses physics and geometry to describe parts of a system in relation to the whole, how they change and work together. Bucky was driven by concern for human sustainability, yet he remained optimistic despite the conventional realities and set-backs during his lifetime.

Honors and Awards

28 US patents

Several Honorary Degrees

1960 awarded F.P. Brown Medal from Franklin Institute

1968 named a Fellow of American Academy of Arts & Sciences

1969 named “Humanist of the Year” by American Humanist Association

1970 Gold Medal from AIA

1983 Freedom Medal from President Ronald Reagan

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“I am not trying to imitate Nature, but to understand her.”

“We have to respond to what the environment is doing.” – B.F.

“Selfishness is unnecessary and hence-forth unrationalizable…. War is obsolete.”

“The Big Show, Everything, is God to me.”

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Earth Day Report 2011

Posted in Cooperatives / Communities / Networks / Travels, Events / Celebrations with tags , , , , , , on April 22, 2011 by Drogo

Earthday Eostre-day Good Friday

SCOD Update April 22, 2011

The BP Oil Spill from last summer is still affecting the Mexican Gulf areas of the South. Japan has been devastated by earthquakes, tsunamis, and nuclear melt-downs. We are now at War in Libya, besides still being invested in Iraq and Afghanistan. It was a cold Winter in the Washington DC area, but not as much snow as the last Winter.

Cordite makes swords in Wisconsin, Sima Ke makes honey in New York, and Sir Jeffy and Elldinn raise children where they are. Our SCOD Blog has earned 365 gallons of clean water donated to World Communities in Need. And finally some garden plants have returned that were not expected to, and others have not survived.

Despite mixed news of success and setbacks, SCOD has just now produced its first professionally published book “SCOD 2000”. Blessed be. – Drogo

Organic Sources for Clothing Material

Posted in Nature Studies, Sustainability with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 22, 2011 by Drogo

Plants Used for Clothing Material

1. Flax known by the ancients as Linum (thus linseed oil & linen textiles)

2. Cotton

3. Hemp

Animals Used for Clothing Material

1.  Sheep for Wool

2. Skins of Animals for Leather

3. Silk Worms for Silk

Pipe Dreams

Posted in SCOD Pipedream Pub with tags , , , , on April 21, 2011 by Drogo

The term “Pipe Dream” tends to mean either “Hollow Dream” or “Dream made of smoke, or from smoking a pipe”. I would suggest that dreams may often seem unrealistic or too fanciful, but that does not make them unworthy dreams. Even the oddest dreams can be goals for real projects. We use the term “Pipe Dream Pub” ironically aware of the negative connotations of the name. The fact that it may someday be achieved makes our use of the name sarcastic.

May people use the term “Pipe Dream” for various projects, businesses, and operations:

Public Radio Show “Pipedreams”  (first aired 1982)

Government Justice Department / Law Enforcement Program “Operation Pipe Dreams”

SCOD Books

Posted in Book Reports, SCOD Thesis with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 21, 2011 by Drogo

SCOD Thesis Books

S.C.O.D. 2000: Architecture Thesis

SCOD 2000: Architecture Thesis (Kindle Version)

SCOD 2000: Alternative Introduction (Abridged Nook Version)

SCOD 2010: Thesis Text

SCOD 2015:  Thesis Text (Progress without images)

SCOD Thesis 2000: Organic Community Dwelling (v15)

SCOD 2020:  Fallout (Novel)

SCOD Ecovillage  /  SCOD Land  /  SCOD World

SCOD BOG Peeps:  Beautiful Organic Garden People

Beautiful Organic Garden People:  BOG Peeps 2

Ten Conscientious Objections to War

Grass Root Words  (Annual SCODzine)
V1;   V2;   V3;   V4; ….

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SCOD logo

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S.C.O.D.s

Posted in Cooperatives / Communities / Networks / Travels, SCOD Thesis with tags , , , , , , , on April 14, 2011 by Drogo

Drogo, Cordite, and Simake dreamt up the origins of the original SCOD in 1994. Drogo Empedocles decided that the Pipedream Pub needed a larger name that embraced more of the architectural and landscape ideas in the 1999 Thesis, so he came up with the title “SCOD: Sustainable Community for Organic Dwelling”. That title included the organic farm and communal dwellings, but Walton Stowell II evolved it into “SCOD: Sustainable Cooperative for Organic Development” which included other alternative projects beyond the Thesis site. The original SCOD lives on as the transcendental heart of all SCODs; past, present, future, and in alternative dimensions and dreams.

There are many S.C.O.D. clones and fakes. Dont be fooled by other SCODs: Sub-committee on Cultural Overlay District, South Coast Oregon Directory, scientific conquest of death, Slight Case of Death, Spinning Circle of Doom, Super-Charged Over-Drive, Scod of Tripod, Sketchy Creepy Old Dude, Skip SCOD, Server Cluster Oracle Dynamic, South Carolina District Optimist International, or the Scottish Council on Deafness. Most of them were created after 2000 (when the SCOD Thesis was published at SCAD in GA). One of the newer ones is ” Strategy, Change & Organisation Development”. While this latest one is only a for-profit seminar, their noble intent is “to connect you to the resources you require to mobilise you in achieving your vision(s)”. At least their mission statement reflects an aspect of the real SCOD, while none of the clones to date are as universal or holistically comprehensive. Why is that? Probably because the original SCOD was designed to encompass and adapt all modes of thought that the clients, workers, and designers bring to it.  Blessed be SCOD.

Cannabis is American and Patriotic

Posted in Environmentalism, Nature Studies, Organic Agriculture & Horticulture, Pagan, Sustainability with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on April 3, 2011 by Drogo

Cannabis is American and Patriotic!
Hemp for Ethanol Fuel, Cloth, Paper, Oils, etc.

Few plants are as useful as Cannabis. Hemp and Marijuana are both varieties of the same species, Cannabis. Hemp provides natural, renewable, biodegradable, and non-polluting solutions for many human products. It has an edible seed, nutritious edible oil (usable also as a combustible fuel), strong quality fiber, and a natural medicine all of which have been important for America and the World over the years.

Before the Mid 1800’s most ships were rigged with Hemp rope and sails. Hemp was used in the oakum that sealed the ships boards, in the cloth for sailor and soldier uniforms, and in flags and paper. Our pioneer wagons were covered in hemp canvas. The word ‘canvas’ comes from the name cannabis, from ancient Sumerian and Babylonian languages. America’s founding fathers including George Washington were keen growers of hemp, and Thomas Jefferson was probably the first Hemp activist. Realizing its value to the health and prosperity of the nation, Jefferson encouraged farmers to grow hemp instead of tobacco.

Hemp was the material for European paper makers and made into some of the finest books ever made; including the Guttenberg and King James bibles, and many other famous works. America’s first Declaration of Independence was also printed on hemp paper. Deforestation for paper-making is a problem that could be greatly relieved by us growing hemp and using its superior pulp. Hemp does not require pesticides or herbicides agriculturally. Cannabis can be grown in many different climates in the world. It grows like a ‘weed’ with a long tap root, long stalk, and thick foliage.

The original Levi’s jeans were made from recycled canvas made from hemp fiber. Henry Ford used hemp and other natural fibers to make his cars in 1941. “Reefer Madness” was a theatrical murder-drama filmed as propaganda against Cannabis by Petrol Chemical (Oil related) Companies. A patriotic film called “Hemp for Victory” was positive propaganda for Hemp and WWII, but like other pro-hemp references it was hidden because Cannabis is illegal.

Although corn used to make ethanol has presented many problems, hemp used for ethanol is ideal in our climate. Brazil uses ethanol from sugar cane on a mass scale for most of their vehicles, so for us hemp is most comparable. The emissions from ethanol are far less than from crude oil. Ethanol is not as fuel efficient in the tank, but it burns much cleaner and from cultivation to refinement it is more energy efficient than Oil drilling, piping, and refining combined.

Hemp Cannabis as an agricultural crop has very low THC, unlike the “Pot” Marijuana variety of Cannabis cultivated as a medicinal and recreational drug version. Hemp may have a cute name, like Pot, but neither one is really a joke because they are both a serious resource. Cannabis in all its forms should not be feared either. Cannabis is not just for “druggies”, as many seem inclined to believe. Hemp is a true alternative to using crude oil which is a polluting fossil fuel, and toxic even in all its refined petroleum and plastic bi-products, many of which could also be replaced with hemp based materials. Slowly through better education, we are becoming aware that Cannabis is one of the most natural drugs and renewable resources that we could ever hope for.

Also Marijuana Cannabis has benefits like anger management, pain relief, calming, relaxing, meditation, healing, working out, etc….

Cannabinoids (CBs) are a class of 400 natural chemical protein compounds. CB Endogenous ligands or ‘endo-cannabinoids’ are produced in our bodies, and naturally activate CB receptors in our brains. Some cannabinoids like anandamide (AEA) are also found in plants. Plant cannabinoids or ‘phyto-cannabinoids’ are found in cannabis (THC), echinacea (alkylamides), acmella oleracea, heli-chrysum umbra-culigerum, black truffles, and radula marginata. THC emulates AEA when it binds to receptors.

85 CBs are found in cannabis, one of which is THC. THC suppresses neuro-transmitter release; with a variety of effects in various parts of the brain. Mostly THC stimulates and inhibits mental and physical functions in odd ways. In the hippo-campus area it disrupts regular short-term memory patterns. All of the THC effects alter consciousness which can be used for relaxation, meditation, and other purposes, without damaging brain cells. Many people find THC effective for managing stress, pain, anger, and some can even achieve a ‘zone’ of concentration.

– From the documentaries Hemp Revolution, American Weed, Weed Wars, and other free online sources that cite scientific studies