Hebrew Judaism, Abrahamic
Judaism is the monotheistic religion of Hebrews (Jews), based in their homeland Israel. Abraham and Moses are their most important prophets. Their scriptures include the Tenak, the Mishna, and the Talmud. The ‘TeNaK’ contains: Torah, Nevi’im, and Ketuvim. The Torah begins with Bereshit (Genesis).
In the beginning God created heaven and earth. The earth was formless and empty, and darkness covered the deep water. The Spirit of God was hovering over the water. Then God said, “Let there be light!” So there was light. God saw the light was good. So God separated the light from the darkness. God named light day, and darkness he named night. There was evening, then morning, the first day. On the second day God said “Let there be water and sky.” On the third day God said “Let there be plants and trees; flora.” On the fourth day God said “Let there be more light; stars.” On the fifth day God said “Let there be animals; fauna.” On the sixth day God said “Let humans come and make babies.” On the seventh day God just rested.
Genesis is a narrative antiquarian history with incredible genealogies. It was attributed to Moses (1400 BC). Key personalities include God, Adam, Eve, Satan, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Cane and Able. God gave humans free-will and dominion over the Earth. In return for obedience his chosen ones will be rewarded. Adam and Eve lived blissfully in the paradise of the Garden of Eden, but free-will allowed them to oppose (Satan) the will of God, and so they sinned and messed everything up for everyone. A sin is a religious error; a thought or action that is against or not-with God. Despite humans not living up to God’s standards, he continues to give humanity new chances for success, through prophets. Prophets are usually really intense cult leaders that say crazy things, and sometimes do amazing things (like magic), in the name of God. If the prophet is successful they will become heroes and martyrs, be documented, and gain even more followers for God after death. Sometimes salvation comes during a devout life, but the deal is definitely guaranteed after death, in Heaven.
Seven Fields of Knowledge: medicine, physics, mathematics, art, psychology, sociology, and religion. (7 lights on the Temple Menorah)
10 main Commandments of God 1300 BC – by Moses in Exodus 20 Torah:
5. Honor thy father and thy mother.
6. Thou shalt not murder.
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
8. Thou shalt not steal.
9. Thou shalt not bear false witness.
10. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s property.
The Greatest Commandment for Jews (and Christians) is the Golden Rule: “Love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.” – Leviticus 19:18 Torah
Although the Jews have been just as belligerent throughout history, as any other culture has against their neighbors, while reclaiming, defending, and expanding their homeland; Jews have also been perpetually persecuted when they have lived in other countries (Christian). Pagan religions that were victims of such mass holocausts on the scale of Jewish Pogroms went extinct, or their survivors were usually so fragmented and few in number that they became cultural slaves (like Native Americans) to the oppressing authority. So somehow despite persecution by Islamic and Christian cultures, the Jews have survived and thrived. Ironically the Muslim Islamic Quran (Koran) and the Christian Bible both use Hebrew scriptures. Christianity began as a small radical Jewish sect that worshiped a prophet as God. Today the major conflict Israel faces is with their historic neighbors, the Islamic Palestinians.