Archive for the History Category

NSA

Posted in History, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , on February 19, 2017 by Drogo

‘Body of Secrets, Anatomy of the Ultra-Secret National Security Agency’; by James Bamford

1950s – “As the CIA report points out, human spies had effectively been put out of action.” Stringent security measures blunted traditional methods for spying. It was the age of American spy planes. In Georgetown, CIA Director Allen Dulles commuted to work. After emergency calls for a ‘Doomsday practice exercise’, helicopters carrying nearly 2-dozen senior NSA officials were flying south over Virginia. Their destination was a secret command center dug deep into Mount Weather in the Blue Ridge Mountains and built on a series of giant nuclear-shock-absorbing steel springs. Its code name was High Point, but politicians called it ‘the hide-out’.

1960s – Eisenhower had suggested creating a secret sabotage pretext to invade Cuba. The CIA & DoD created Operations Mongoose & Northwoods, which were secret plans to invade Cuba. They called for innocent Americans to be shot on the streets, refugee boats to be sunk, terrorism in cities, innocent people framed for bombings, planes hijacked, and tons of false evidence to blame on Castro. The Cuban debacle ‘Bay of Pigs’ was part of those plans, and actually launched a covert invasion to attack our own Naval base to incite war. Dulles mysteriously lied to Kennedy about the success potential of the operation, and so did others, and many soldiers were killed. NSA listened to their desperate dying pleas.

1970s – “Anything the NSA did is totally defensible” – Nixon

1980s – NSA instituted a dreaded unscheduled polygraph policy

1990s – “Thinking Machines Corporation delivered to NSA its first massively parallel computer – the Connection Machine CM-5 (Frostburg).”

2000s – Now they monitor all our communications.

2016 Media Black-out @ Standing Rock

Posted in Cooperatives / Communities / Networks / Travels, Critical Commentary of Civilization, History, Interviews, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , on September 30, 2016 by Drogo

DAKOTA Pipeline – Mass Arrests and Hostile Police Action Against Natives

I have not heard any major news source reporting substantially on this, and few people talking about the arrests weeks after it happened (until now). Not that there are any respectable news companies out there anyway. Our media and governments are being run by the Corporations directly. Blessings to these independent protest journalists. Please share this with everyone, only we can change things.

Oct. 3, 2016 NEWS: http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2016/10/standing-rock-five-dapl-work-sites-shut.html

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Protest Lawyers website:

http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/37795-lawyer-s-view-recent-days-at-standing-rock

 

 

 

The War That Never Happened

Posted in History, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , on March 8, 2016 by Drogo

As offered by: Randall D. Bryhn

I stumbled across this story while doing other research. It’s a piece of history that up till now was in danger of being lost forever. To keep the story alive I have tried to send a copy to all my family, and friends. I have been to the Council Chamber many times to give offerings, and to play the flute. I personally believe the story to be true.
I thought you too might like a copy…
The history of the Native American people before the white man came has only been written after the fact, since the Native Americans had no written language. But many stories have survived, some as myths, others as legends. Another source is journals that white people kept as they lived with the Native Americans, but many stories have been lost forever. The events in this story happened as the Delaware Indian Tribe came into contact with the white man, so no written copies of the story exist. Only word of mouth and the existence of the Council Chamber itself have kept this story alive. If this war would have happened it’s quite possible the United States as we know it today would not exist.

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It came to pass in those spring days, that strangers could be seen, and heard for miles away, as they blundered through the woods. Their comings and going would be so loud and disruptive, that it would take the forest hours, before it would return to normal. Was it any wonder then, that these strangers attracted so much attention? These people were not welcome here, where they went, they broke the ground, so that others of their kind could follow easily. It was not the way of the ones that lived there. The culture of the natives had always been to live with the forest, and become a living extension of it, always giving back what was owed, never taking what was not earned. This is the way of the Northern, and Mid Eastern Tribes, and Clans: as it had been for many generations, in and around the Hocking Valley Region. The natives were at first attracted by the very strangeness of these people, many things were learned, and many items were traded. Then the Delaware were able to witness the miracle, the White Man had created. They had harnessed lightning, and put it in a tube. It was at their very command, to destroy, or kill, as they chose.

The Delaware were amazed, but in their knowledge they knew, that if they were to survive as a people, they to would also need this knowledge. At first they tried to trade for it, and they had some limited success with that, but at some point they realized it wasn’t the firearm that was the miracle, it was the gunpowder that fueled it. So their quest turned to finding the chemical formula for mixing gunpowder. At first barter was used, but the formula evaded them. The white settlers that were first moving into the area just didn’t have that knowledge. Today it is easy to find the recipe to make gunpowder, but at the time it wasn’t common knowledge. It would have been in comparison as though

The War That Never Happened Cont.
someone had asked you to explain the circuitry in an FM radio. We may know how to work it, but we don’t have the technical knowledge to build one. That is the problem the Delaware faced over and over again, as they attempted to gain the knowledge they sought. Trading was proving to be no use, so the Delaware resorted to kidnapping, and torture, but still the formula for making gunpowder eluded them. Then one fateful day the decision was made, the Delaware would go to war, the next step was to call a gathering.
The first day of the gathering would have been a frenzied time, warriors that were always hard pressed to the food gathering labors, were doubly hard pressed to provide enough for the guest’s that would soon be arriving. The Delaware were a noble and respected people. Their clans were scattered far and wide across the Hocking Hills Region, and their warriors were fearless in battle. As the call to come went out among the tribes, all that heard responded. Favors given, and favors remembered, were used to motivate those who wanted not the seeds of war. The Delaware were persistent and many, although most were drawn to hear why they should take up arms against the white man, an air of festivity hung about the land. For days the council fire raged. Unlike most Native American fires, that are made very small, and easy to conceal, a war fire is built up, sometimes the fire would be built to three, or four feet high. The circle had to be large enough to sit each tribal chief, and each clan elder next to the fire. Immediately behind them, would be seated one, or two of the clans next warrior in line, and after that there would be women, and boys attending those up near the fire. This was a system that had been used for many generations. The fire raged for many days, the arguments ran back and forth like children let loose during the first spring thaw. The arguments rang true from both sides, to take up arms against the White Man was an unknown factor. As the days went by a consensus began to be reached. The Delaware knew they had been right in calling the gathering, because they knew in the end the Nations would need the secret of gunpowder.

On the third morning, as the story has been passed down from generation to generation, the ceiling exploded with unleashed fury. The tribal elders, the chieftains, and their braves were all killed in a fatal collapse of ceiling stone, as their fire was buried under a seven foot thick slab of stone that had been blown out of the ceiling. None of the braves, nor the women serving them, not even most of the children that were playing in the back part of the cave were spared from the unleashed devastation of the fall.

The front of the cave showing the rock fall thickness.

(photo)

The people scattered, the explosion shattered their purpose and they fled the area, leaving the caves that had served as their homes for hundreds of years. The explosion was believed to be punishment from the Great Spirit, a rebuke for considering going to war against the white man. It was later thought the white man was protected from the power of the clans. The Delaware left the area. The spectacle of the Council Chamber broke the spirit of the Delaware. As a result of that try at war, the Delaware, and other tribes of the area, did not go to battle with the White Man, and were known as, ”Good Indians” to the White Man as the passed into the area. They became scouts and workers for the military, often succumbing to the bottle for payment, or becoming the butt of military harassment. Later the Shawnee would move into this area, and claim it as theirs.

The story that I have just passed on to you is an urban myth that has been passed down in the Hocking area for many generations. In their quest for gunpowder it is very ironic that the place of their gathering was later named the Salt Petre Mines of Hocking. The mines would serve to furnish the civil war with salt petre, one of the main ingredients of gunpowder. Also found in the walls of the cave, is a substantial quantity of naturally occurring sulfur. I had the occasion to ask a professional chemist if it would be possible that by adding wood char from the fire, and with the other ingredients found in the walls, would it be possible for an explosion like that to happen. I was told, with the introduction of wood char from the fire, and the buildup of heat, that it would be very possible for an explosion to happen.
The actual Council Chamber measures 29 feet across the mouth of the cave, with a estimated 54 feet of depth. The rock fall itself measured 27 feet wide at the mouth with the rock fall reaching 42 feet back into the cave. Only small children playing against the back wall would have been spared being buried alive.

Middle section of the rock fall showing the release from the area of the roof, and the almost total coverage of the floor.

(photo)

Looking at the ceiling of the Council Chamber, it’s hard to believe that anyone could have lived through this.

(photo)

This is a section in the back of the cave that seems to have escaped the collapse of the roof. It measured the full width of the back, approximately about 17 feet, and was about 12 feet deep. However, there was only about two and a half feet of head room. That means the only children, if any, would have been very small.
This story has never been authenticated by any authority, the area has been cordoned off, and it requires a special permit to access the area. Since the Council Chamber is considered a sacred place, a forensic or archeological study, has not been attempted here. However, unlike some urban myths that wither and die over time, this story has remained deeply entrenched in the culture of the area. Most stories of the tribes that have been introduced into history, have been provided by the white man, through diaries, and written accounts done by white individuals. However, this happened at a time before white men had time to interact, and become established with the natives of the area. Since the Delaware did not have a written language at the time it has become increasingly hard, to authenticate such stories. It is also entirely possible that if the Delaware would have been able to gather for war, and wage it, the America we know may never have happened. At that time, the eastern cities were only being started. Places like Boston, and Philadelphia only boasted a few brick buildings in each city. If a war started in the Ohio valley, would have raged Eastward, the way that America was colonized may have happened differently, if at all.
I offer this story in peace, as a remembrance.
Location is approximate, it is in a donut-hole location, on the Harvest Moon Cottages Property, Located on Big Pine Road, after the Conckle’s Hollow
Trail Head at Hocking Hills. The coordinates are: 39 deg. 27’ 39.44”N ,
by 82 deg. 32’ 48.05”W.

Maryland Indian Tribes

Posted in Cooperatives / Communities / Networks / Travels, Critical Commentary of Civilization, History, Pagan, Sustainability with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 4, 2013 by Drogo

Native American Indian Tribes in Maryland

The main existing Indian Tribe in Maryland seems to be the Piscataway. They are MD State recognized (finally), but as is often the case with bigoted bureaucracy not Federally recognized.

The Piscataway are a sub-tribe of the Conoy Tribe, one of the most prominent historic tribes of the Chesapeake Bay area. Their Algonquin dialect evolved from Nanticoke, having established roots here over 10,000 years ago as hunters and gatherers. They lived very much like the Potowomac Tribe, along the Potomac River; by 800 AD they grew maize, beans, squash, and pumpkins. Today there are 2 main Piscataway groups in Southern MD: The Nation (Chief Tayak), and The Tribe (Confederacy and Cedarville Band). They have no reservation land.

 2010: Frederick County had 800+ Residents that considered themselves Native American; Maryland Indians total: 25,000+ of which 8,000+ are Piscataway. Together with dramatic decreases in population due to disease, when American Indian reservations were dissolved by the Maryland Colony in the eighteenth century, and when the Piscataway were reclassified as “free people of color”, “Free Negro” or “mulatto” on state and federal census records in the nineteenth century, a process of detribalization was happening. While the Piscataway were enumerated as “mulattos” in state and federal census records, by contrast Catholic parish records and ethnographic reports continued to identify Piscataway individuals and families as Indians.

 Historically many tribes came together on the Rivers to barter:  Potowomac, Senedoes, Catawba, Iroquois, Tutelo, Saponi, Conoy, Piscataway, Delaware, Lenape, Powhatan, Shawnee, Susquehannok, Nanticoke… and they had populations of hundreds of thousands.

The old Maryland village of Piscataway where the Potomac meets the Chesapeake, must have been named as an homage to the tribe.

We do not have many records detailing how the all the tribes in Maryland looked; however we can generalize dress and appearance based on the many drawings and descriptions of Powhatans just south of Maryland in Virginia.

PowhatanIndianhouse

It is unclear why this map does not have the Conoy tribes on here; perhaps the Powhatan claimed Conoy land at some point during the records.

maryland tribes

 

 

 

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Temple of Artemis Medusa at Corfu

Posted in Historic Architecture, Pagan with tags , , , , , , , , , on April 6, 2013 by Drogo

In Ephesus, Turkey

erected 580 BC

Artemis Corfu

 

Doric Temple sculpture seemed confined to a zone framed by architectural components. The pediment acts as a screen, to protect the wooden rafters from moisture. The pronounced relief sculpture in the center of the pediment, overlaps the frame and dominates the scene with bold detail, and expressive yet balanced quasi-symmetrical arrangement. The main figure is not Artemis (as we know her), but Medusa (a gorgon). Medusa and the lions by her side, ward off evil. Medusa is a frightening apotropaic hex sign indeed, with her archaic hideous grin and muscular appendages positioned athletically; as her wings fan out behind her. Greeks were able to convey movement in art, without actual locomotion. The style here also reflects an oriental scheme, inherited from ancient Mycenaean architecture. There is also an ongoing narrative represented with smaller figures presenting an uneasy balance.

Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Apollo was her twin brother. In Rome she was called Diana. Artemis began as a powerful Queen Goddess of Fertility; but eventually became known as the Virgin Moon Goddess of the Hunt during the Hellenic Age. She assisted child-birth, and protected young humans and animals. As Goddess of the Hunt, she is associated with animals like bears, birds, dogs, deer, and snakes. In Arcadia she was related to Demeter and Persephone, and sometimes confused with Hecate and Selene. Ephesus was the important center of her cult, and she was represented as having many breasts, inherited from prehistoric fertility goddesses. Artemis was worshiped as a primary goddess in other places too, like Attica (Lady of the Labyrinth) and Aegina (Artemis Aphaia).

 Medusa sculpt

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Savannah, Georgia

Posted in Alternative Architecture, Historic Architecture, Organic Architecture, Recommendations & Tributes, Sustainability with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 16, 2013 by Drogo

Historic Architecture, Environmental Landscape, and Urban Social Art

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Savannah has the historic integrity of an ivy-league campus, yet for the poor as well as rich. Yes, it is very much the old pirate ‘Port Royal’ still, but in some ways it also surpasses the nobility of elite university campuses. Even the SCAD (Savannah College of Art & Design) campus is spread throughout the city, and SCAD classes are held in renovated industrial buildings, often with Richardsonian strength; so that liberal education is fully-integrated with the city. As far as competing with modern industrial metropolitan cities, Savannah has plenty of modern and post-modern architecture, and SCAD teaches cutting-edge technology; but it has no desire to be as massively impersonal as New York, or any other major city.

Savannah urban design is overwhelmingly utopian, despite there being dystopian flavors as well. The main streets force cars to either park or drive around the eleven park squares (circuses), while pedestrians can go straight through on sidewalks and bike lanes. It is easy to find any place in the formal city because there are no diagonal streets, one tall building in the middle (DeSoto Hotel), and a few tall buildings downtown parallel with the Savannah River. The downtown main-streets (River Street) on Saint Patrick’s Day are celebrated on par with Mardi-Gras. There are so many unique aspects to Savannah, from its very origins. The basic ‘Roman encampment’ grid urban layout is flavored by multiple circuses with vegetation. Live-oaks, palms, and crepe-myrtle trees are naturally hung with Spanish moss. From sandy soil hedges, herbs, flowers and grasses are also publicly grown for the enjoyment of all.

I will find out more about the city founders, besides Oglethorpe; specifically the Native American chief of the local Creek Indians, because he seems to deserve the same level of respect as the English founder, Oglethorpe. The British and Indians were friends, and one of the largest monuments in a prominent park is dedicated to the Indian Chief’s grave. Southern hospitality is less surface courtesy in Savannah, and more a part of its essence; in regards to integration of whites and blacks, international representation, multi-culturalism, and willingness to welcome even enemies (like General Sherman during the Civil War).

There are several ways to consider the social types that comprise the ‘daily population’ of Savannah. There are five basic social types; the rich residents (white blue-blood aristocracy and new-money millionaires), the poor working-class (merchant and service residents and workers), the street beggars (homeless, hustlers, artists), SCAD students (artists, professors, staff), and tourists (pedestrian, trolley, horse-buggy).

According to Dr. Hsu-Jen Huang (SCAD Architecture Professor), Savannah has been growing, even during the recession. In ten years, the city population and SCAD enrollment have doubled. Some buildings still fall between the cracks, but for every loss two more renovations or new constructs emerge. After the 1994 book Midnight In the Garden of Good and Evil, Savannah has continued to blossom as one of the best cities in the World. Many of its qualities were always inherent in the original urban design, and it continues to grow because of accepted differences.

From the American Revolution, to the Civil War, and beyond; Savannah embraces its strange stories. It has an other-worldly, old world, old town feel. Ghost tours are quite at home with the lamp-lights, cobblestone streets, brick walkways, and French ironwork balconies. It is in fact a small city; one which favors pedestrian traffic more than automobiles. The whole downtown is walkable, and locals often easily commute with bicycles as well (as I did for 3 years).

There are so many fun things to do there, it might be hard to know were to begin; if Savannah were not an immediately immersible, hospitable environment. The whole city is a memory garden, which literally blooms because of all the flowers. There are less flowers and leaves in the Winter, but Fall, Winter, and Spring are best weather-wise; as there is rarely snow, and Summers are often walls of heat and humidity (which it is known for even during Fall and Spring).

Architecturally Savannah is truly unique, with historic world and southern romantic blends. Town-houses often have the side-porch design, as with nearby Charleston, SC. The cast-iron railings and french dormers have that New Orleans feel. Parks and trees really do make a huge difference for traffic. Even while continuing to grow, Savannah is still one of the most colorful and pedestrian friendly cities in America. I can say after living there, the magic is real; including the variety of character personalities that the famous book alludes to.

Midnight In the Garden of Good & Evil describes much of the architectural and social feel of the town. ‘Midnight’ the book has much more analysis of detail, while the film has literally has more visual images. I lived in three parts of town, and often passed by famous landmarks on daily commutes to classes. The main character’s house (Mercer Mansion) is on Bull Street along a square, towards the largest city park, Forsyth Park. Forsyth Park was my favorite park that I loved living on, because of the large open grass lawns, largest and most beautiful fountain, organic paths, and shady flora. There I was free to publicly practice Tai-Chi, hippy folk music, or jogging without much bother.

Most of this essay describes the utopian aspects of Savannah, but this paragraph should put some of the dystopian perspectives in context. The poor and the dead, out-number the rich and the living. Southern swamp-lands naturally have a salty entropic power that corrodes metals, moisture that promotes the decay of organic matter, and massive humidity that stifles productive activity, while encouraging roaches and gnats. The humane social ‘decadence’ of the town, allows for an ease of poverty. Kindness tolerates and sometimes falls prey to hustlers. Vandalism and theft are common crimes in Savannah, with the occasional mugging (typical of cities in general). Although crimes are committed by lower classes, the majority (which are poor) are respectful, lawful, and often generous. So you see despite the ‘scariness’, actual dangers are minimal for a city.

Savannah’s name appropriately indicates the climate heat, and the flat field look of the surrounding wetland marsh grasses. Old pirate maps referred to the lands inland along the River as ‘Savannah Land’. Google Street view is very impressive, with realism. It really helps get the feel for the freedom of moving through the town by photographic vista. In the 1990’s we were taking panoramic photos for architecture projects so it really feels appropriate. Day trips easily include the famous Bonaventure Cemetery, Oatland Island Wildlife Center, and Tybee Island Beach.

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Historic Paganism and Human Sacrifice

Posted in History, Pagan, Religions with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 5, 2013 by Drogo

Ancient writers were always accusing enemy cultures of evil deeds. This type of propaganda is still used today, as evident with main-stream news networks. While the ancients made many factual detailed accounts, there is no doubt that as humans they were just as fallible to influences as we are today. Historians today seem unable to cite any substantial archeology to defend the Greek, Roman, or Jewish claims that their enemies conducted mass human sacrifices; at least by our traditional literal definition of Satanic ritual human sacrifice. There is no conclusive evidence regarding human sacrifice in Celtic or Canaanite history, anymore than in early Greek, Roman, or Jewish history.

Rumors about enemies executing criminals, assisted suicides, or cremation of dead bodies were easily labeled simply as ‘sacrifice’ because rituals were overseen by priests. These manipulated rumors were spread by a few select literate sources to an already biased audience ignorant about barbarian culture. With no counter-culture period writings, we cannot believe the accusing texts at surface value, despite the appearance of fairness due to some compliments or rhetorical claims.

Sacrificing human lives during a war or battle certainly happened, and continues to happen in military conflicts and secular fights today. There are religious aspects to conflict sacrifices, but are more related to fighting, war, and secular killing in general. Conflict sacrifice deserves its own essay; regarding suicide, decapitation, cannibalism, and other practices before, during, and after fighting or hunting.

The Hebrew Torah references human child sacrifice in ancient Egypt, Israel, & Canaan. When the Torah mentions child sacrifice in terms of the first born sons of Israel, it is considered an acceptable metaphor, or symbolic ritual rite of passage into religious service. Curiously the Torah does not make a detailed account of Hebrew child sacrifice when Moses says “’With a mighty hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is why I sacrifice to the LORD the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons’.” – Exodus 13:14

I believe by the time of Moses, most cultures that practiced human sacrifice had a concept of sacrifice as a ‘tax payment’ to a higher authority. In Israel they ‘sacrificed’ their first born sons to the higher authority of the Jewish Temple Priests, in the name of God. In Canaan they ‘sacrificed’ their children to the higher authority of the Babylonian Temple Priests of Ba’al. Canaanite rituals probably included rites-of-passage where their youth passed through sacred flames (fire baptism), as existed in many other cultures from Egypt to America. First born sons were sacrificed by parents, meaning they gave them over to the priests in the service of a Temple. In Egypt the lambs’ blood on the doors meant that they had already sacrificed lambs to God, so they did not owe him their sons. This trade of sacrifice is known as Consecrated Redemption, which is described later in the Torah (Numbers 3:49).

In modern times we do use the term ‘sacrifice’ when describing military service, and patriotic parents accept this sacrificial concept of duty to the nation. We also use the word ‘sacrifice’ when following strict religious restrictions; giving up one thing for another higher blessing. My argument is that the origins of our modern definition of ‘sacrifice’ was possibly started during the time of Abraham, when God told him he could sacrifice a lamb instead of his son. By the time of Moses, sacrifice (even human sacrifice), meant trading one valuable asset to an authority, to insure the blessing of another. So when the Torah refers to sacrifice, it is referring to the established traditional ritual metaphor.

The ritual metaphor of human sacrifice relating to death, was often over-emphasized as political propaganda for their intended audience. It is much easier to reject the practices of others, if we believe them to be repulsive. Sacrificing sons (giving money to priests) may have been a tax on the parents for being able to keep their child; as with livestock God demands a sacrifice, but you can exchange one animal for another, or the monetary equivalent. In the New Testament Jesus was worth sacrificing a dove to the Temple. Jesus later became the ultimate human sacrifice when he died for our sins, so that no one needed to give sacrifices to the Temple anymore, because he said through him we can ask God directly for forgiveness, and he paid the price of sin for all. This was very popular with poor people, since they often could not afford the price of sacrifices. Also the sacrifice tax may have been intended as population control.

Another problem with biblical terms, is that Canaanites and Israelites were ethnically similar by the Second Temple period (Job 40:30, Proverbs 31:24). In archaeological and linguistic terms, the kingdoms of Israel and Judah were a subset of Canaanite culture. The disdain for Canaanites in the Torah was related to the semantic use of the word Canaanite as a synonym for merchant or trader who does business with Babylon. Clearly the Jewish Temple Priests did not like outside religious influence, as it was threatening their power and diminishing their sacrifice (tax) income.

Regarding literal historical Pagan human sacrifice by American Aztec Priests, and some Native Asian Islander cannibalism, there is more evidence that they actually did kill many humans to appease the gods or gain their powers. Despite this fact, human sacrifice is not mandated by main-stream Neo-Pagans today in any form. Human sacrifice for salvation is generally rejected by New-Age ideology, as salvation typically comes from within and is achieved through self-realization, without the need to contribute to an institution or higher authority. Most people do not like to pay taxes anyway.

christ recycles