Archive for american

BERNIE BEATS TRUMP!

Posted in Commercial Corporations, Ethics & Morals, news, Politics, SCOD Online School, Sustainability, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 18, 2020 by Drogo

The reasons why Bernie is the only viable candidate to beat Trump, are the reasons why corporations hate Bernie the most. 

Bernie Sanders beats Trump (if Bernie were allowed to run by the DNC and the electoral college and supreme courts did not over-ride popular votes). This thesis statement is based on my ‘SCOD Politics 101’ class I have been teaching for free by sharing my research work since 2016. When Trump won I seriously began studying political-economic history and theory. So to explain my statement to those who have not been attending class because they have been busy with work and watching corporate media, I will discuss my class content and grading policy briefly.

Recent years have been a class on politics 101 for in depth reporting on the DNC by youtube progressive journalists (because the corporate media never did it). I do not mind trying to teach it as a free scod course, because it is exciting to me that more information is available, despite the New Red Scare. If you still believe that the DNC cares about beating Trump with a candidate who will reduce war, pollution, and corruption you are not paying attention and comments that support corporate candidates will get an F. Corporate candidates who are like Trump in greed but are more polite fail, because they cannot beat Trump and offer no significant change. Would most people be a better president than Trump? Yes, but the DNC is paid about the same as republicans by corporations to not resist substantially, because they are complicit with war crimes and national and planetary theft. I was giving out D’s for those not caught up about the depth of DNC corruption for the last decade, but now those who turn in late papers with no references to corporate rigging will get Fs. Does this mean that we need to reform our 2-party system with mass popular movements to change the power structures? Yes, voting for the lesser of 2 evils has almost no effect on Climate Change, pollution, corruption, or wars. Corporations prefer Trump over every other candidate, and most importantly Bernie Sanders (who happens to be the only one who can beat Trump if allowed to run against him, and if the popular vote was allowed to count). Our secret agencies and military intelligence have a much larger budget and more control over our system than Russia (see New Red Scare).

Our Pentagon is aware that Climate Change is real and they include it in their operational priorities. However they will continue to wage endless war for corporations who fund them. This is one of the main problems of our current global empire, with bases in other countries and a larger budget than all of them combined. To get a good grade in ‘SCOD Politics 101’, one needs to directly address the existential corporate threats to democracy, our environment, and the history of civilization with substantial critique. Apathetic or defensive apologies for corporate corruption no longer allow for a passing grade in the basics of American politics, because it is not objective or scholarly to deny planetary science regarding our environment. For those attending and doing their own homework too, thank you and keep up the good work!!

Facebook Audio Recording of this Essay [goes into more detail]

Shop as usual Putin puppets! (joke based on the false narrative of the New Red Scare)

 

American Dream Fallout

Posted in Critical Commentary of Civilization, Economics, POB Audio, Politics, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , on December 11, 2016 by Drogo

In the Wake of the Great Recession the American Dream Dies

“The American Dream is a crucial thread in this country’s tapestry, woven through politics, music and culture. Though the phrase has different meanings to different people, it suggests an underlying belief that hard work pays off and that the next generation will have a better life than the previous generation. But three years after the worst recession in almost a century, the American Dream now feels in jeopardy to many…” “Economic statistics validate those feelings. According to the Census Bureau, an average man working full time made 10 percent less money last year than he did a decade ago.” [Read full story at NPR – American Dream Faces Harsh New Reality]

“New economic research shows Americans are no longer as likely to make more than their parents did at the same age…The American dream is harder to attain than it used to be. People may have felt that for a long time. Now there’s a body of research to back that up. One definition of the American dream is that your children will make more money than you did. Now economists have charted the percentage of people who make more than their parents did at the same age, and the picture is striking…” (adjusted for inflation) If you were born in 1940, you had a 92% chance that you would make more money than your parents did, because of national economic growth. For those born in 1980 it has fallen to 50%. Besides changes in educational and industrial labor, the main economic reason most people are not out-earning their parents is that corporate productivity gains go disproportionately to the few people at the top. Income inequality between the poor and the rich is the main problem. [Read full story at NPR – Economists Chart ‘Index Of The American Dream‘]

“Income Inequality Impairs The American Dream of Upward Mobility.” [Read and Listen to the full story at NPR – Debate: Does Income Inequality Impair The American Dream?]

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Like a phoenix we can rise from the ashes and co-create a new American Dream!

 

Benjamin Franklin

Posted in Psychology with tags , , , , , , , , on August 27, 2015 by Drogo

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) was a polymath, author, printer, philosopher, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, politician, and diplomat. As an American scientist of the Enlightenment he studied physics for his discoveries, theories, and inventions. He invented lightning rods, bifocals, the Franklin stove, and many other instruments dealing with electricity, work, and music. He helped organize local civic functions, like Philadelphia’s fire department, schools, and journalist printing presses. Ben became wealthy publishing Poor Richard’s Almanack, and The Pennsylvania Gazette. Almanacks were popular in colonial America; mixing seasonal weather forecasts, practical advice, puzzles, and other amusements.

Poor Richard’s Almanack used word-play (puns) of the 1700s to explore common proverbs and ‘coin’ witty phrases. Wisdom often meant providing an apt adage for any occasion. ‘Richard’ was one of Franklin’s pen names.

“A penny saved is two-pence dear.”

– Poor Richard (Ben Franklin)

It was not until the 1800s, that we see the phrase worded as we commonly hear now, often attributed to Franklin.

“A penny saved is a penny earned.” Pall Mall Magazine, Sept. 1899

Here are other proverbs listed by Ben Franklin:

“Fish and visitors stink in three days.”

“A countryman between two lawyers,

is like a fish between two cats.”

“A cypher and humility make

figures and virtues of ten-fold value.”

“A false friend and a shadow attend

only while the sun shines.” (on rainy-day friends)

“A fine genius in his own country, is

like gold in the mine.”

“After three days men grow weary of

a wench, a guest, and weather rainy.”

“A life of leisure, and a life of laziness,

are two things.”

“An egg today is better than a hen to-morrow.”

(debatable, like ‘chicken or egg‘)

“Anger is never without a reason, but

seldom with a good one.”

“Anger warms the invention, but over-

heats the oven.”

“An honest man will receive neither

money nor praise, that is not his due.”

“A pair of good ears will drain dry an

hundred tongues.”

“A plowman on his legs is higher than

a gentleman on his knees.”

“Approve not of him that commends all you say.”

That last proverb is meant to disapprove of false flattery, but does not allow that some people may actually love you so much you can do no wrong. Here are more from Ben Franklin:

“A quarrelsome man has no good neighbors.”

“There are no gains without pains.”
“Early to bed and early to rise,

makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.”
“Plow deep while sluggards sleep,

and you shall have corn to sell and to keep.”

“A quiet conscience sleeps in thunder.”

“Are you angry that others disappoint you?

Remember you cannot depend upon yourself.”

“Be always ashamed to catch thyself idle.”

(a Puritan curse akin to ‘Devil’s play’ warnings)

“A watched pot never boils.” – current adaptation

Time feels longer when you’re waiting for something to happen, and you keep checking on it all the time, getting more and more anxious. Actually we all know that watching the pot does not stop it from boiling (without even getting into the Quantum Enigma); but our perception of time often slows when we worry about the future, and speeds up when we are are contently enjoying the present. The original phrase is more accurate, but still psychological.

“A watched pot is slow to boil.”

Franklin wrote this in another publication, but referred to it as something Poor Richard might have said, as the proverb isn’t found in any of the Poor Richard almanacs.

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New Age Hope – Sacred Sites

Posted in Cooperatives / Communities / Networks / Travels, Hikes with tags , , , , , , , , on July 17, 2015 by Drogo

As I chew on some home-grown Native American tobacco I was given by my new friends, I reflect on the adventure I just had to a local ancient sacred site. I met with Cherokee and Lumbee Indians who showed me an un-excavated paleolithic stone site. To respect their privacy, I will not go into details of their names or how to get there; but it was a most exciting time! We spoke about how the Age of Aquarius is indeed transitioning out of the Age of Pisces (yes the ages go backwards), and things are changing. We talked about how languages do not have to be barriers, but are important tools for ‘coming to terms’ for sharing between cultures. We found out that we agree ‘agri-culture’ is for everyone (see article in Observer May 2015), and we want to preserve nature and farm land. We recognized the problems of ethnic-biased education, and the perpetual war machine of the MIC. Then they showed me the ancient stones in the gully below their beautiful house. The stones had significant orientation to each-other, according to solar orientation. There were clearly piles, circles, a spiral, and a serpentine line of stones. The rocks were of various composition, not the typical limestone of the area. It seems very possible that in the past (I will leave the dating to the archeologists) people used the stones for rituals involving the springs and the creek. Perhaps in this ‘New Age’ people of various cultural back-grounds will continue to come together for similar reasons. My Indian friends have started a regional ‘Gathering’ for agri-culture, so yes the pattern shift has begun, and we are actively making it happen.

The photos show his wood-working skills in their house which he built. They had a nice collection of native flutes (not shown). The landscape photos I took nearby Boonsboro MD on the Appalachian Trail (AT) resemble our regional area, although their property is further south on the AT. Their site was near Berryville, in Bluemont VA. They invited me to attend their local gatherings, but it was a bit too far for me to locate accurately with my vehicle technology at the time (2015). She is a military officer and photographer, who took a photo of us together, but I did not receive a copy of it.

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Greening of America, the 1969 Book by Charles Reich

Posted in Book Reports with tags , , , , , , , , , on July 7, 2015 by Drogo

Greening of America

Charles Reich said the Green Revolution had already begun spreading rapidly through society by 1970, bending it towards a more humane community of reasoning individuals in touch with themselves, each-other, and Nature. “It will originate with the individual and culture, and it will change politics only as its final act… This is the revolution of the new generation.” – Greening of America, by Charles Reich

Charles Reich explains the American Crisis as:

1. hypocrisy of unjust war on the poor; 2. political, corporate, and legal corruption; 3. industrial destruction of natural environments; 4. helplessness of common people due to weakened democracy and liberties; 5. meaningless pollution of work and commercial society; 6. apathetic and hostile anti-community; 7. individuals enslaved to the system. We feel we have no control and are powerless to make constructive changes.

Midevil Films Review

Posted in Arts (Design & Performance), Fictional Stories, Film Reviews, Interviews, POB Video, Recommendations & Tributes, Roleplaying / Reenacting with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 19, 2013 by Drogo

Midevil Films Productions

Mid-Western American Independent Film group

Based on Interview with Founder, Producer, Director, Writer, and Actress:  Angela Daum 

Aliases include: Arlyssen Arlussen / Olivia Alyss / Kallie Stevenson

List of some Films:

The Map, The Lesson and The Test, Angela as a Ranger, Angela as a Courier, The Three Gems, I murdered a Fairy?, Ranger Mottos, MCIS, Midevil Crime Investigation Service, The Day in the Life of a Courier, How to wash your K9, Andrew Audition

Angela has fun with all her films, and the actors are good and play along well with the script for a finished result. She is a maverick woman who is both a passionate writer and a bold actress. She is a loyal to her crafts and her friends.

Watch their films on Youtube Channel Ranger Alyss. Angela’s favorite scene from Angela as a Ranger is: “What I have I gotten myself into.” Angela: “The weeds you just walked into them.”

For Angela film making is a passion she want to continue for as long as possible; with more shows and films on the way!!

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End of Interview with Angela of Midevil Films.

– squirrel happens! –

Analysis of Apostles of Success

Posted in Book Reports, Critical Commentary of Civilization, Economics, History with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 15, 2013 by Drogo

Apostles of the Self-Made Man: Changing Concepts of Success in America

1965 book by John G. Cawelti – University of Chicago Phoenix Press – 280 pages

 Success

SUMMARY

This is a book about the popular culture of success in America. It discusses natural qualities of character, education, values, and needs of individuals and society. It is a decent American history of changing concepts of success; with a focus on three main sources: historic individuals, fictional figures, and manual guides. It uses literature as a source to reference social history.

In spite of their persistent devotion to the idea of success, Americans have differed greatly in the way they defined it. That is the subject of this book. – p.3

Though the self-made man wasn’t an American invention, Americans have cherished the notion of someone rising out of poverty and, through hard work and dedication, achieving at least a moderate amount of wealth and respect. Purely American icons such as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson each wrote about the opportunity for anyone in a fluid American class system to grow through their own power towards a particular position in society. Yet, much like Abraham Lincoln in the tumultuous ante-bellum period and the Gilded Age’s robber barons, the self-made man appeared most notably in times of rapid change and transition . – C.1

Three Strands of American Success

  1. Religious – Protestant Work Ethic and pious morality

  2. Economic – wealth = success

  3. Complex Individual and Social Ethics and Dreams, often combining the first 2 stands

American society saw three main versions of the self-made man emerge in epitomizing the ideal of success. The first focused on a Protestant notion of “piety, frugality, and diligence” in fulfilling the duties of one’s occupation. This version suggested that a static, stable social order existed in which success was the attainment of respectability in this world and led to the assurance of salvation in the world to come. As strict Protestantism gave way to other, secular notions of success, this ideal began to fade away.

The second tradition placed a premium on a more economic emphasis of success. While the first focused on religious notions of grace and propriety, the second enlisted the purely lay qualities of aggressiveness, competitiveness, and forcefulness. As industrialization swept over the United States in the Gilded Age and beyond, people prescribed to this ideal of success beyond the scope of religion. The hierarchical structure of many new corporations demanded such qualities from their employees if they hoped to “climb the ladder of success.” The third type of success, was a combination of the former two; taking ethics and humility from religious loyalty, in an existential industrial work environment.

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For more of the report, click on the link here for SCOD Gallery Report with Chapter Links!

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Harpers Ferry Magic, Elemental Intro

Posted in Pagan with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 27, 2011 by Drogo

I.     Elements: of Nature, Existence, & Us

Elements specific to Harpers Ferry (listed in book)

 

Air        Gemini Mercury, Virgo Hephaestus, Libra Amore’ Harmony

East      Paralda, Aiet, Yellow Amarillo, Winds, Zephyr, Seraphim

East Rises the Sun between the 2 mountains, dawn drifting to DC

East Coast United States, Wake Up Flying, Good MorningWelcome!

 

Fire                Aries Mars, Leo Sol, Sagittarius Jupiter Yang Heart

South           Deas Energy Catalyst, Red Life Flame, Djinni, Tan Delta

Metal forged by fire was used in the First Federal Armory for Firepower!

Fighting brings Flux, John Brown’s Raid, and Civil War blood stained.

 

Water    Pisces Fish, Aquarius Well-Spring, Cancer Yin Moon

West      Aqua Iar, Blue Niksa, Liquid Waves, Poseidon Triton

Setting Sun over Charles Town Races, Pouring Gateway to WV!

River waters of the Potomac and Shenandoah float downstream to DC.

 

Earth         Taurus Mithra, Capricorn Saturn, Scorpio Pluto

North    Tuath Terra, Green Brown, Virdant Herne, Anubis Geo Ghob

Geology; Shale Limestone, Red Clay Soil, Black Silt Dirt, Sand & Mud!

Woods full of deciduous and evergreen trees, shrubs, and plants grow.

 

Spirit Synthesis of Place, Metal, and More

Geographic Geometric Triangles

 

Diagrams of the tri-state area, plan in relation to perspective view.

Energies converge here throughout time, conflicting and combining;

Flowing together and merging as the Potomac and Shenandoah…  

* excerpt from the 2006 book “Harpers Ferry Magic” by Drogo Empedocles. Please document your reference if you share this post.

 

Cannabis is American and Patriotic

Posted in Environmentalism, Nature Studies, Organic Agriculture & Horticulture, Pagan, Sustainability with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on April 3, 2011 by Drogo

Cannabis is American and Patriotic!
Hemp for Ethanol Fuel, Cloth, Paper, Oils, etc.

Few plants are as useful as Cannabis. Hemp and Marijuana are both varieties of the same species, Cannabis. Hemp provides natural, renewable, biodegradable, and non-polluting solutions for many human products. It has an edible seed, nutritious edible oil (usable also as a combustible fuel), strong quality fiber, and a natural medicine all of which have been important for America and the World over the years.

Before the Mid 1800’s most ships were rigged with Hemp rope and sails. Hemp was used in the oakum that sealed the ships boards, in the cloth for sailor and soldier uniforms, and in flags and paper. Our pioneer wagons were covered in hemp canvas. The word ‘canvas’ comes from the name cannabis, from ancient Sumerian and Babylonian languages. America’s founding fathers including George Washington were keen growers of hemp, and Thomas Jefferson was probably the first Hemp activist. Realizing its value to the health and prosperity of the nation, Jefferson encouraged farmers to grow hemp instead of tobacco.

Hemp was the material for European paper makers and made into some of the finest books ever made; including the Guttenberg and King James bibles, and many other famous works. America’s first Declaration of Independence was also printed on hemp paper. Deforestation for paper-making is a problem that could be greatly relieved by us growing hemp and using its superior pulp. Hemp does not require pesticides or herbicides agriculturally. Cannabis can be grown in many different climates in the world. It grows like a ‘weed’ with a long tap root, long stalk, and thick foliage.

The original Levi’s jeans were made from recycled canvas made from hemp fiber. Henry Ford used hemp and other natural fibers to make his cars in 1941. “Reefer Madness” was a theatrical murder-drama filmed as propaganda against Cannabis by Petrol Chemical (Oil related) Companies. A patriotic film called “Hemp for Victory” was positive propaganda for Hemp and WWII, but like other pro-hemp references it was hidden because Cannabis is illegal.

Although corn used to make ethanol has presented many problems, hemp used for ethanol is ideal in our climate. Brazil uses ethanol from sugar cane on a mass scale for most of their vehicles, so for us hemp is most comparable. The emissions from ethanol are far less than from crude oil. Ethanol is not as fuel efficient in the tank, but it burns much cleaner and from cultivation to refinement it is more energy efficient than Oil drilling, piping, and refining combined.

Hemp Cannabis as an agricultural crop has very low THC, unlike the “Pot” Marijuana variety of Cannabis cultivated as a medicinal and recreational drug version. Hemp may have a cute name, like Pot, but neither one is really a joke because they are both a serious resource. Cannabis in all its forms should not be feared either. Cannabis is not just for “druggies”, as many seem inclined to believe. Hemp is a true alternative to using crude oil which is a polluting fossil fuel, and toxic even in all its refined petroleum and plastic bi-products, many of which could also be replaced with hemp based materials. Slowly through better education, we are becoming aware that Cannabis is one of the most natural drugs and renewable resources that we could ever hope for.

Also Marijuana Cannabis has benefits like anger management, pain relief, calming, relaxing, meditation, healing, working out, etc….

Cannabinoids (CBs) are a class of 400 natural chemical protein compounds. CB Endogenous ligands or ‘endo-cannabinoids’ are produced in our bodies, and naturally activate CB receptors in our brains. Some cannabinoids like anandamide (AEA) are also found in plants. Plant cannabinoids or ‘phyto-cannabinoids’ are found in cannabis (THC), echinacea (alkylamides), acmella oleracea, heli-chrysum umbra-culigerum, black truffles, and radula marginata. THC emulates AEA when it binds to receptors.

85 CBs are found in cannabis, one of which is THC. THC suppresses neuro-transmitter release; with a variety of effects in various parts of the brain. Mostly THC stimulates and inhibits mental and physical functions in odd ways. In the hippo-campus area it disrupts regular short-term memory patterns. All of the THC effects alter consciousness which can be used for relaxation, meditation, and other purposes, without damaging brain cells. Many people find THC effective for managing stress, pain, anger, and some can even achieve a ‘zone’ of concentration.

– From the documentaries Hemp Revolution, American Weed, Weed Wars, and other free online sources that cite scientific studies

 

Why I Super-Hate the Super-Bowl!!!

Posted in Critical Commentary of Civilization with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 4, 2011 by Drogo

Why Blood Bowl will always be better than the Sucker Bowl!

Would I be into the Superbowl more if it was Science-Fiction? Sci-Fi Bowl? Maybe, but the inflated and detatched commercial aspect would still bother me. That much mass emphasis on such a narrow corporate event is boulder-dash!!!

I usually am unaware until the day comes and the question gets asked somewhere “who won?” Sometimes ive known ahead of time who is playing, and even watched some. Usually ive taken walks outside and it’s peaceful because everyone else is inside watching it. I was once passive about it, but ive decided to take a position.

I posted my “Footbabble” video as my constant position on the NFL no matter if it is time for the Superbowl or not. I honestly thought it might have already happened, if my wife hadn’t of said that it was mentioned by the priest at the Catholic Church she goes to. Then I heard the guy with the Groundhog Phil say it today during the official annual ceremony, which tipped me in overdrive for the “Bloodbowl”!

From Church to Groundhog Day, one cannot escape Commercial Sports! I have one thing to say about the Superbowl, “I don’t frackin give a shank.” Blood Bowl will always be cooler anyway.

CAHOKIA: North America’s Largest Woodhenge & Temple Mound

Posted in ecovillages, Historic Architecture, Pagan, Trips with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on October 11, 2010 by Drogo

CAHOKIA MOUNDS PARK

Cahokia Mounds is currently a State Historic Site. Cahokia is the area of an ancient city built around 600–1400 CE. It is near present day Collinsville, Illinois across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, Missouri.

The Cahokia Mounds were named after a clan of historic Illiniwek people living in the area when the first French explorers arrived in the 17th century. As this was centuries after Cahokia was abandoned by its original inhabitants, the Cahokia were not necessarily descendants of the original Mississippian people. The city’s original name is unknown.

The 2,200 acre site originally included 120 man-made earthwork mounds over an area of six square miles, although only 80 survive. Cahokia Mounds is the largest archaeological site related to the Mississippian Late Woodland culture, which developed advanced societies in North America, centuries before the arrival of Europeans.

It is a National Historic Landmark and designated site for state protection. In addition, it is one of only twenty UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the territory of the United States. It is the largest American Indian earthen construction in the Americas north of Mexico.

They used woven baskets to move most of the earth to build the mounds and plazas. In every culture there are usual social, political, spiritual, and defense reasons to place buildings on raised bases. In the case of Cahokia, there is an added reason: the site is on a flood plain near the Mississippi River.

Monks Mound

Monks Mound is the largest structure and central focus of the city. It is a massive mound with four terraces, 10 stories tall, and the largest man-made earthen mound north of Mexico. Facing south, it is 92 feet high, 951 feet long and 836 feet wide.

Excavation on the top of Monks Mound has revealed evidence of a large building, likely a temple used by the Chief and shaman for residence and public functions. This building was about 105 feet long and 48 feet wide, and could have been as much as 50 feet high. It was about 5,000 square feet.

Cahokia Woodhenge

This woodhenge, like others found in Europe, was a circle of posts used for cosmic alignments relevant to agriculture. It stood to the west of Monk’s Mound. Archaeologists discovered Woodhenge during excavation, and noted that the placement of posts marked solstices and equinoxes. Woodhenge was rebuilt several times during the urban center’s roughly 300-year history. There were probably other woodhenges in America over the centuries, as one was discovered near Mound 72, south of Monks Mound.

A beaker found in a pit near the winter solstice post bore a circle and cross symbol that for many Native Americans symbolizes the Earth and the four cardinal directions. Radiating lines probably symbolized the sun, as they have in countless other civilizations. During excavation of Mound 72, archaeologists found a birdman burial for a leader, and 250 other skeletons from around 1000 CE. Other mounds had workshops for copper smiting and trading.

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3 Celtic Spells of Making

Posted in Pagan with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 10, 2010 by Drogo

3 Celtic Spells, Chants, Charms, Prayers of Making, Evoking, or Binding

All 3 are acknowledgements of the laws of nature. The first Welsh Spell says the spirit of water and earth elements shines even when the moon is dark. The second Gaelic Spell speaks of the Serpent’s Breath of Life & Death, and our will to make. The third English Spell describes how three aspects can be parts of one whole; as with the symbol “Y”.

1. Welsh Spell of Making

A elfyntodd dwyr sinddyn duw,

cerrig yr fferllurig nwyn,

os syriaeth ech saffaer tu,

fewr echlyn mor necrombor llun.

2. Gaelic Spell of Making (in Modern Irish Gaelic)

Anáil nathrach, ortha bháis is beatha, do chéal déanaimh

3. English Spell of Making (Harpers Ferry, Modern American English)

One flows from Two,

Two Rivers are One.

One is also Three,

And Three is One.

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Iroquois Constitution (abridged)

Posted in Cooperatives / Communities / Networks / Travels, Critical Commentary of Civilization, Legal / Laws with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on July 12, 2010 by Drogo

The First Part of

The Constitution of the Iroquois Nations

The Great Binding Law

GAYANASHAGOWA

1.  I am Dekanawidah and with the Five Nations' Confederate 
Lords I plant the Tree of Great Peace.  I plant it in your 
territory, Adodarhoh, and the Onondaga Nation, in the territory 
of you who are Firekeepers.


     I name the tree the Tree of the Great Long Leaves.  Under 
the shade of this Tree of the Great Peace we spread the soft 
white feathery down of the globe thistle as seats for you, 
Adodarhoh, and your cousin Lords.


     We place you upon those seats, spread soft with the 
feathery down of the globe thistle, there beneath the shade of 
the spreading branches of the Tree of Peace.  There shall you 
sit and watch the Council Fire of the Confederacy of the Five 
Nations, and all the affairs of the Five Nations shall be 
transacted at this place before you, Adodarhoh, and your cousin 
Lords, by the Confederate Lords of the Five Nations.
 
 2.  Roots have spread out from the Tree of the Great Peace, 
one to the north, one to the east, one to the south and one to 
the west.  The name of these roots is The Great White Roots and 
their nature is Peace and Strength.


     If any man or any nation outside the Five Nations shall 
obey the laws of the Great Peace and make known their 
disposition to the Lords of the Confederacy, they may trace the 
Roots to the Tree and if their minds are clean and they are 
obedient and promise to obey the wishes of the Confederate 
Council, they shall be welcomed to take shelter beneath the 
Tree of the Long Leaves.


     We place at the top of the Tree of the Long Leaves an 
Eagle who is able to see afar.  If he sees in the distance any 
evil approaching or any danger threatening he will at once warn 
the people of the Confederacy.
 
 3.  To you Adodarhoh, the Onondaga cousin Lords, I and the 
other Confederate Lords have entrusted the caretaking and the 
watching of the Five Nations Council Fire.


     When there is any business to be transacted and the 
Confederate Council is not in session, a messenger shall be 
dispatched either to Adodarhoh, Hononwirehtonh or Skanawatih, 
Fire Keepers, or to their War Chiefs with a full statement of 
the case desired to be considered.  Then shall Adodarhoh call 
his cousin (associate) Lords together and consider whether or 
not the case is of sufficient importance to demand the 
attention of the Confederate Council.  If so, Adodarhoh shall 
dispatch messengers to summon all the Confederate Lords to 
assemble beneath the Tree of the Long Leaves.


     When the Lords are assembled the Council Fire shall be 
kindled, but not with chestnut wood, and Adodarhoh shall 
formally open the Council.  
      
      [ ed note: chestnut wood throws out sparks in burning, 
           thereby creating a disturbance in the council ] 
     
     Then shall Adodarhoh and his cousin Lords, the Fire 
Keepers, announce the subject for discussion.


     The Smoke of the Confederate Council Fire shall ever 
ascend and pierce the sky so that other nations who may be 
allies may see the Council Fire of the Great Peace.


     Adodarhoh and his cousin Lords are entrusted with the 
Keeping of the Council Fire. 
 
 4.  You, Adodarhoh, and your thirteen cousin Lords, shall 
faithfully keep the space about the Council Fire clean and you 
shall allow neither dust nor dirt to accumulate.  I lay a Long 
Wing before you as a broom.  As a weapon against a crawling 
creature I lay a staff with you so that you may thrust it away 
from the Council Fire.  If you fail to cast it out then call 
the rest of the United Lords to your aid.
 
 5.  The Council of the Mohawk shall be divided into three 
parties as follows: Tekarihoken, Ayonhwhathah and Shadekariwade 
are the first party; Sharenhowaneh, Deyoenhegwenh and 
Oghrenghrehgowah are the second party, and Dehennakrineh, 
Aghstawenserenthah and Shoskoharowaneh are the third party.  
The third party is to listen only to the discussion of the 
first and second parties and if an error is made or the 
proceeding is irregular they are to call attention to it, and 
when the case is right and properly decided by the two parties 
they shall confirm the decision of the two parties and refer 
the case to the Seneca Lords for their decision.  When the 
Seneca Lords have decided in accord with the Mohawk Lords, the 
case or question shall be referred to the Cayuga and Oneida 
Lords on the opposite side of the house.
 
 6.  I, Dekanawidah, appoint the Mohawk Lords the heads and the 
leaders of the Five Nations Confederacy.  The Mohawk Lords are 
the foundation of the Great Peace and it shall, therefore, be 
against the Great Binding Law to pass measures in the 
Confederate Council after the Mohawk Lords have protested 
against them.


     No council of the Confederate Lords shall be legal unless 
all the Mohawk Lords are present.
 
 7.  Whenever the Confederate Lords shall assemble for the 
purpose of holding a council, the Onondaga Lords shall open it 
by expressing their gratitude to their cousin Lords and 
greeting them, and they shall make an address and offer thanks 
to the earth where men dwell, to the streams of water, the 
pools, the springs and the lakes, to the maize and the fruits, 
to the medicinal herbs and trees, to the forest trees for their 
usefulness, to the animals that serve as food and give their 
pelts for clothing, to the great winds and the lesser winds, to 
the Thunderers, to the Sun, the mighty warrior, to the moon, to 
the messengers of the Creator who reveal his wishes and to the 
Great Creator who dwells in the heavens above, who gives all 
the things useful to men, and who is the source and the ruler 
of health and life.


     Then shall the Onondaga Lords declare the council open.
     The council shall not sit after darkness has set in.
 
 8.  The Firekeepers shall formally open and close all councils 
of the Confederate Lords, and they shall pass upon all matters 
deliberated upon by the two sides and render their decision.


     Every Onondaga Lord (or his deputy) must be present at 
every Confederate Council and must agree with the majority 
without unwarrantable dissent, so that a unanimous decision may 
be rendered.


     If Adodarhoh or any of his cousin Lords are absent from a 
Confederate Council, any other Firekeeper may open and close 
the Council, but the Firekeepers present may not give any 
decisions, unless the matter is of small importance.
 
 9.  All the business of the Five Nations Confederate Council 
shall be conducted by the two combined bodies of Confederate 
Lords.  First the question shall be passed upon by the Mohawk 
and Seneca Lords, then it shall be discussed and passed by the 
Oneida and Cayuga Lords.  Their decisions shall then be 
referred to the Onondaga Lords, (Fire Keepers) for final 
judgement.
     The same process shall obtain when a question is brought 
before the council by an individual or a War Chief.
 
10. In all cases the procedure must be as follows: when the 
Mohawk and Seneca Lords have unanimously agreed upon a 
question, they shall report their decision to the Cayuga and 
Oneida Lords who shall deliberate upon the question and report 
a unanimous decision to the Mohawk Lords.  The Mohawk Lords 
will then report the standing of the case to the Firekeepers, 
who shall render a decision as they see fit in case of a 
disagreement by the two bodies, or confirm the decisions of the 
two bodies if they are identical.  The Fire Keepers shall then 
report their decision to the Mohawk Lords who shall announce it 
to the open council.


End of Constitution
 
 

110.  At the funeral of a Warrior, say:
      "Now we become reconciled as you start away.  Once you 
were a devoted provider and protector of your family and you 
were ever ready to take part in battles for the Five Nations' 
Confederacy.  The United People trusted you."  (The remainder
is the same as the address at the funeral of a Lord).
 
111.  At the funeral of a young man, say:
      "Now we become reconciled as you start away.  In the 
beginning of your career you are taken away and the flower of 
your life is withered away."  (The remainder is the same as the 
address at the funeral of a Lord).
 
112.  At the funeral of a chief woman, say:
      "Now we become reconciled as you start away.  You were 
once a chief woman in the Five Nations' Confederacy.  You once 
were a mother of the nations.  Now we release you for it is 
true that it is no longer possible for us to walk about 
together on the earth.  Now, therefore, we lay it (the body) 
here.  Here we lay it away.  Now then we say to you, 'Persevere 
onward to the place where the Creator dwells in peace.  Let not 
the things of the earth hinder you.  Let nothing that 
transpired while you lived hinder you.  Looking after your 
family was a sacred duty and you were faithful.  You were one 
of the many joint heirs of the Lordship titles.  Feastings were 
yours and you had pleasant occasions. . ."  (The remainder is 
the same as the address at the funeral of a Lord).
 
113.  At the funeral of a woman of the people, say:
      "Now we become reconciled as you start away.  You were 
once a woman in the flower of life and the bloom is now 
withered away.  You once held a sacred position as a mother 
of the nation. (Etc.)  Looking after your family was a sacred 
duty and you were faithful.  Feastings . . . (etc.)"  (The 
remainder is the same as the address at the funeral of a Lord).
 
114.  At the funeral of an infant or young woman, say:
      "Now we become reconciled as you start away.  You were a 
tender bud and gladdened our hearts for only a few days.  Now 
the bloom has withered away . . . (etc.)  Let none of the 
things that transpired on earth hinder you.  Let nothing that 
happened while you lived hinder you."  (The remainder is the 
same as the address at the funeral of a Lord).
 
[ Editors note:  the above ellipses and 'etc.' remarks are 
transcribed directly from the text I copied. ]
 
115.  When an infant dies within three days, mourning shall 
continue only five days.  Then shall you gather the little boys 
and girls at the house of mourning and at the funeral feast a 
speaker shall address the children and bid them be happy once 
more, though by a death, gloom has been cast over them.  Then 
shall the black clouds roll away and the sky shall show blue 
once more.  Then shall the children be again in sunshine.
 
116.  When a dead person is brought to the burial place, the 
speaker on the opposite side of the Council Fire shall bid the 
bereaved family cheer their minds once again and rekindle their 
hearth fires in peace, to put their house in order and once 
again be in brightness for darkness has covered them.  He shall 
say that the black clouds shall roll away and that the bright 
blue sky is visible once more.  Therefore shall they be in 
peace in the sunshine again.
 
117.  Three strings of shell one span in length shall be 
employed in addressing the assemblage at the burial of the 
dead.  The speaker shall say:


      "Hearken you who are here, this body is to be covered.  
Assemble in this place again ten days hence for it is the 
decree of the Creator that mourning shall cease when ten days 
have expired.  Then shall a feast be made."


       Then at the expiration of ten days the speaker shall say:
"Continue to listen you who are here.  The ten days of mourning 
have expired and your minds must now be freed of sorrow as 
before the loss of a relative.  The relatives have decided to 
make a little compensation to those who have assisted at the 
funeral.  It is a mere expression of thanks.  This is to the 
one who did the cooking while the body was lying in the house.  
Let her come forward and receive this gift and be dismissed 
from the task."  In substance this shall be repeated for every 
one who assisted in any way until all have been remembered.