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Samhain (Halloween) Ritual

Posted in Pagan, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , on October 11, 2018 by Drogo

Sowin, End of Fall, Annual End of the Celtic Year, Celtic New Year, Start of Winter,

Ancestor Night, Feast of the Dead, Devil Night (Friday or night before), All Souls Night & Day, Time of Scorpio / circa Oct. 31 – November 1

The significance of this night is great, for it is the Celtic New Year and Ancestor Night. On November’s Eve the Celts celebrated Samhain (now pronounced Sowin). The veil between worlds is thinnest at midnight when the Dark Lady Crone and Dark Lord Wizard work their magic. Test your bravery, and rid yourself of fears by confronting them. Sacrifice that which no longer serves you, but will scare you from living the fullness of your potential. We must find the light within us with the aid of Hecate and Herne, to make it through Winter. We must find ways to cooperate together.

Samhain Poem   [ AUDIO Reading & Music ]

Leaves have turned brown, and fallen down; or will soon.

Silhouettes of trees lean creepily against the Moon.

Smells of smoke and spice, feel very nice.

Pumpkins become Jack-o-lanterns to ward off vice.

Wearing costumes to dance with the dead.

Thin Veil Time, our spirits full of dread.

Fire burn bright, in the dark of night!

Trick or Treat, let us eat; despite our fright.

Another growing year is done,

Now let the new year bring more fun!

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Samhain Sabbat Spell

Components: Candles (white, black, red, yellow, orange, brown, blue), orange cloth, cauldron or plate, horns and skulls, staves, wands, daggers, fire, water, incense, salt. Fire pit optional.

(Darlock)

“Be it known our power is here. There are spirits with us, ours and those of others. The circle is about to be cast, let those who desire attendance gather here within, so long as they wish us no ill will. Lesser spirits of evil or selfish purposes should stay away from this place and these strong souls. For if they come near seeking to harm us, they will find us difficult to possess and they will be the one’s hurt this night, by their own anger. For we are the guardians of light and darkness, and tonight we welcome visits, but support only positive intention towards catharsis and healing at the end of the growing year.”

(Drogo)

“We must not fight each other, and so must communicate loving reassurances to those that we want within our circle. If one of us becomes possessed by evil, those with enough strength to see the good should wish them life and seek to save them this night. For the path is perilous. We should remind ourselves why we are here, and what must be done, as one. We must guard against ill intent from spirits that distract us from our duties to the circle and our goals that we set for the new year. We can fight them in the ethereal spirit world, and banish them from us. If a kindred spirit becomes confused, it is our duty to keep them safe by reminding them that they are loved and important to us. Even if they cannot control themselves due to madness, fear, or anger we must not give into those selfish dark emotions. Defend yourselves, but do not leave the safety of the circle unless retreat is needed, or brothers and sisters will watch your back, and let you back in by protecting you in a bubble that does not dispel the circle. Our path is perilous, but we are one.

(Drako)

“The dead are with us this night, more than usual. Be strong for our ancestors, and smart enough not to harm a brother or sister, even if you feel them attacking you in any way. Ask them their intent if you are confused. If their dark side answers in a way that seems to conform they wish us ill, then with the brightness of love and life, defend the circle. Seek to remind, subdue, and release any level of threats. Remind any enemies of their positive worth. Subdue with minimal harm. Release those unwilling to participate from obligations. Hold no one against their will if they will leave peacefully. Even when faced with the most destructive force, the goal of the circle is to keep our loving light lit in our hearts and minds. May Hecate light our way and shine through our actions. Great darkness and cold will come this Winter, and we must be together in our readiness to survive, despite death and sickness around us.”

Place salt, water and candles around the circle. Set altar and prepare to light the candles. Light incense. Wear masks, costumes, or paint as appropriate. Music.

Ollumh the high priestess leads coveners along the procession and into the circle area.

(Priestess)

“For all the Ancestors and relations, in acknowledgment of all who have gone before, we honor you with offerings. We bow to your memory within us, and the lives you led as part of our legacy. We are the living and you are the dead. Some are living dead, and others are dead living. Be here only of your free will and sympathy. Let us cast the Circle!”

Elements – casting Circle

Visualize light drawing a circle perimeter deasil.

East – Air

(Emma)

“Here I do bring light to Air in the East. To illuminate breath of life. Listen to the Spirit Winds that herald the voices of the ancients. From the realm of Gorias and Paralda, come forth clarity, truth, sunlight, starlight, moonlight, and shine bright! Thoet se! We call upon you powers of Air to witness this rite and guard this circle. So mote it be, blessed be.” Light the Air candle.

South – Fire

(Drogo)

“The flame of Life reaches us, climbing up and surrounding us. We are within it dancing. The flame can destroy life, burning it like a wick. From death comes life reborn from ashes. We can sprout from devastation, with fiery passion, like the phoenix. On this night we honor the dead year, and the new year to come! We honor the ancestors and spirits and our sacred selves in this circle of Albred. So mote it be, blessed be.” Light the Fire candle.

West – Water

“Here I do illuminate Water in the West, to wash and clean. From the realms of Murias and Niksa, come forth fertility of plenty. Ocean circles the Earth, seas flowing and ebbing, rivers running. Thoet se! Taste tranquility and baptism to rest and be born again. Witness this rite and guard this circle. Blessed be, so mote it be.” Light the Water candle.

North – Earth

(Avalock)

“Here I do bring the light to Earth in the North. We illuminate and give you strength Mother Earth! From the realm of Falias and Gob, come forth earth elementals. La Falia, La Fail (Stone of Destiny), solid strong! Foundation below thoet se, shelter and food (throw salt). We call upon you powers of Earth, to witness this rite and guard this circle. Tuath, North, Earth, so mote it be. Blessed be.” Light the Earth candle.

(Priestess)

“Flames leap high, inside life! Flames rise forth, outside death! Flames burn bright, inside eternal day! Flames keep us warm, outside everlasting Night! I consecrate this circle with power all around, to the ancient ones. Here may they manifest and bless their children.”

Lights white, red, and black candles at the altar.

“White candle, glorious Maiden we honor your joy. Red candle, Great Mother we honor your love. Black candle, Dark Crone we honor your wisdom. We welcome the Triple Goddess in all her forms. Also let the Triple God be with us too, through her.

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Offerings and spell work

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Closing

“By the powers of light and dark, so closes the fullness of our energy in this circle, here this night, yet this circle will be open to all spirits who linger or remain. Depart in peace, all those visiting. So mote it be, thank you gods, goddesses, ancestors, and elements. Blessed be, so mote it be.”

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Akasha and the Elements of Nature

Posted in Nature Studies, Pagan, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on August 15, 2018 by Drogo

Akasha – the Assemblage of the Elements of Nature

Akasha is a Hindu word meaning space, aether, or heavenly sky in traditional Indian cosmology. Metaphysically Akasha is a primal aether fluid that allowed physical existence by universally containing and being a part of the building blocks of the 4 elements of the material plane. Akasha can be considered the fifth element within Nature that also super-naturally transcends it. Akasha binds the 4 other elements spiritually to our souls, the Material Universe, and the Spirit Universe. The four Elements are aspects of Nature, but also a connection to the spirit world through Akasha aether. The 4 elements widely accepted by Celtic Wiccan and other polytheist Pagan spiritual paths are: Earth, Air, Fire, and Water. These four elements are represented by an equal cross (Celtic Cross) often in conjunction with the cardinal directions, with the Akasha circle border around the cross being the 5th all encompassing element that binds them all together, and from which they come (according to Hindu). In ancient Native American culture this was the Earth-Sun Cross (Medieval Mississippian).

The fifth element is shown in diagram when using a pentagram, to include Spirit as the directional point. Fire’s place on the pentagram is often the lower right point (Tao upper right). Chinese Taoism believes the 5 elements to be Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, and Water; having Metal instead of Akasha Spirit, and Wood instead of Air. Taoists also apply their Yin-Yang dualist theory of opposites to the elements, like polarities of particles. Fire is considered the most Yang (active) energy, and Water the most Yin (passive). Too much fire element in a dwelling can stimulate Chi (Chinese word for Spirit ‘Life Force’) aggressively; resulting in anger, impatience, impulsiveness, ambition and burnout. Chi should be used sparingly in the bedroom, since the main use is resting. Feng Shui (Wind-Water) is about balancing physical, mental, and spiritual levels to attempt harmony. It takes a great deal of Feng Shui study to determine how to design Akasha spaces, and where best to apply the elements in physical symbols and shapes.

The alchemy of elements using Akasha chi or spirit as a catalyst, allows transformation such as Fire changing Water to Air. Akasha is present in elements at their crossing, as well as around them. Akasha can also be intention of our spirit or mental will, as the 5th point on the pentagram. Akasha allows us to transcend our physical existence, and experience the Sublime daily, not just when our spirit separates from our mortal bodies.

 

Elemental Alchemical Effects

(Stop/Start or Hinder/Promote)

Air Stops Earth – Flying above the surface winds & precipitation blow.

Air Starts Fire – Oxygen allows Fire to consume other fuel (wood)

Fire Stops Water – Heat melts ice into Water and aids its evaporation.

Fire Starts Air – Fires cause smell & smoke H2O heated evaporates to Air

Water Stops Fire – H2O quenches (extinguishes) Fire.

Water Starts Earth – Rain nourishes trees, plants, and animals of the Earth.

Earth Stops Water – Dams of Earth and Trees block or slow Water Flow.

Earth Starts Air – Vegetation Flora creates Oxygen and many Scents.

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Spirit Makes Metal – Air, Fire, Water, Iron, & Fuel of Earth by Humans

Refines Metals allowing purification & combination alloys

Spirit (Metal) To Earth – Water & Air oxidize & rust Metal back to Earth.

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pentagram 5

 

Commentary on Saint Patrick

Posted in History, Pagan, Politics, Religions, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , on April 19, 2018 by Drogo

Reasoning behind understanding Patrick as a Roman-Briton Invader at War against Pagan Ireland

If many of us as modern commercialized Americans consider ‘The Confessions’ of St. Patrick as objectively as possible, we might compare his compelling dogmatic rhetoric to a persuasive sales pitch from a sincerely corporate sales-person, and we could forgive Patrick any lies or half-truths or religious metaphors presented as true, but are literally false (like miracles). Militant Atheists will not be so kind as many of us might. Many of us want to respect the feelings of members of our family that are conservative Christians regarding the ‘Santa Claus’ fundamentals of what is conventionally considered ‘religious faith’ or belief in super-natural mythological metaphors (aka historical fantasy fiction). While some of us might have no such restraints in criticizing a deeply flawed historically political institution descended from the Roman Empire.

One odd thing that bothers me about the text that we are expected to believe belongs to an actual historic person named St. Patrick, is that it tells us in the beginning that he is biased against the Irish because he was a foreign Roman-Briton who was taken captive by violent natives. Therefore we understand why Patrick would feel inspired by Arthurian political powers in his contemporary homeland, which were extremely bigoted against all Pagans; including Irish Gaels, and Gaelic Scots, and Scottish Picts. Much like St. Paul, St. Patrick seems to be spewing religious propaganda as a cultural war against Pagans.

Patrick (Padraig) son of Calpurnius was born around 400 AD in Roman Britain, to a family with a (male of course) line of Christian priests. At the age of 16 he was captured by a group of Irish pirates. The raiders brought Patrick to Ireland where he was enslaved and held captive for 6 years. Could a teen named Patrick have written a text like that against his kidnappers? It sure sounds convincing that someone in his position would have a ‘come to Jesus’ moment, and be dead set on getting revenge on all those he holds responsible for his abduction and enslavement. It could also be similar to the way that ‘deep states’ use propaganda to start wars (Gulf of Tonkin, Kuwaiti Babies Killed, Weapons of Mass Destruction).

Saint Patrick was more Arthurian than Irish.

Harpers Faery Magic Bible

Posted in Book Reports, Critical Commentary of Civilization, Matras Quotes Tips, Pagan, Religions, SCOD Online School with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 22, 2013 by Drogo

 

New-Age Testament & Neo-Pagan Scripture

by Drogo Empedocles 2013

Introduction

Multiple religious myths and spiritual magics for polytheistic Neo-Pagans

This book is a modern eclectic Pagan Bible. It is the personal beliefs of Prophet Drogo Empedocles, and his interpretation of world religions, New-Age philosophy, and Neo-Pagan magic. Polytheistic Celtic-Wiccan influence is finally proudly written here, in contrast to many Hebrew, Christian, and Muslim beliefs; because of their doctrines of cultural war against Pagans. As a handbook guide of holy Pagan scripture, this book is meant to be a shield and a sword for our faith, in the hands of the chosen guardians. This Pagan Bible includes stories about the magical town of Harpers Faery, and is a combination of historic-fiction, occult magic, and autobiography.

Eclectic-Pagan Celtic-Wiccan New-Age Bible

The word bible, is from the Greek word biblia, meaning simply books. According to religious tradition a bible is also a canon of holy scripture; an authoritative collection of rule books. The dominant rule of this Neo-Pagan Bible is the proclamation of a new covenant with ancient religions, modern Paganism, culture, and individuals in the form of universal spirituality, and acceptance of unique personal magic, and our diverse environments within the Universe. Most of the major religious rule books are now outdated guides. Please help spread the good news of the Pagan Bible!

The word pagan, from Latin paganus, means “rural country folk”. Paganism usually refers to religions or beliefs which are polytheistic or indigenous (non-Christian). Within Paganism are categories such as polytheism, shamanism, pantheism, or animism. Neo-Paganism is the revival of the ancient old ways, adapted in a new way for our modern times. There are many important reasons for this “New-Age” movement, but perhaps most of all Neo-Paganism exists because Mother Earth deserves some respect again, more than ever before!

In various religious and spiritual writings, we may find some answers; or at least stories we can relate to, and are helpful. We may also become upset or troubled by what we read. One curious pattern to notice about written history and other bibles, is how their texts ignore and degrade goddesses, women, and nature-based faiths in general. While mythical stories may be interesting, it is only through our own self-realized connection to civilization and nature that we may put ourselves in context with the true Universe. Remember we are not alone, even when we feel alone.

My name is Drogo Empedocles, and I am a faery. Well, part faery anyway. It is complicated, so I will explain my blood line later. I call myself a faery because fae magic is in my blood, and most of my friends are faeries of one kind or another. I wrote this as my Bible, and it is based on my beliefs and my home town. I encourage everyone to write their own bible. History happens to real people everyday (before it becomes history). This Bible supports polytheism, faerie equal rights, and bloody swear words; in addition to conventional biblical morality and multicultural ethics. This is my Bible.

Dr. Rev. Drogo F.H. Empedocles

HFM Chapters

World Religious Mythology

Harpers Faery Creation Myth

Harpers Faery Songs & Poems

New-Age Testament of Drogo

Harpers Faery Spells and Rituals

Images, Bibliography, References

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1st Edition Ebook – Available on Amazon Kindle!

1st Edition – Buy the Paperback Book on Amazon!

2nd Edition –  Paperback  /  Kindle

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HFM_1_small

New-Age Neo-Pagan Holy Glory

Posted in Pagan with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 7, 2013 by Drogo

coexist plate

New-Age is a modern spiritual movement, influenced by global cultural knowledge and wisdom. New-Age zeitgeist is born from an environmental and social awareness of the need to break from some rigid traditions, while taking what we need from various traditions to evolve towards living in harmony with our World the Earth. New-Age multiculturalism celebrates social and religious diversity, and encourages exchange and adaptation. Enlightened New-Age spirituality runs parallel with advances in science, such as the importance of bio-diversity; and mathematical fractals. Enlightened magical thinking has always run parallel with science, as both have their roots in medieval alchemy and astrology. The term New-Age referred to the coming astrological Age of Aquarius. We are concerned with the relationship between ourselves (mind, body, and spirit), and Universe, and other dimensions (micro-macro cosmos, quantum physics, alternate planes). While we tend to embrace many main-stream trends, we also seek alternative fringe concepts. New-Age refuses to be confined by dogmas, but is often willing to include empowering motivational psychologies, self-help, holistic health, parapsychology, consciousness research, ecological design, and their inter-connectedness.

Polytheist Neo-Paganism is part of the New-Age and one of the best religions the World has. Neo-Paganism embraces the freedom to worship one, none, or many deities. The three main types of Abrahamic Monotheism (Judaism, Christianity, & Islam), all have rich and powerful demagogues claiming that they must be obeyed exclusively, based on a “One Way” theory. Neo-Pagan Polytheism has no rich evangelist missionaries, nor the intent to propagate or to proselytise by saying that all other ways are wrong. In fact we see other ways as good, ok, or valid; so long as the faithful are not being told to persecute other faiths. In Paganism there is no eternal punishment doctrine that dictates other religions are doomed to a place like Hell.

In Paganism there is no single leader, scripture or religious philosophy. Most Pagans, however, believe in the divine character of the natural world and Paganism is often described as an “Earth religion”. In Neo-Paganism many of us are both polytheist and pantheist, and are free to worship any gods, even deities that are claimed to be monotheist by their followers (it is not a Sin). While I am advocating the positive aspects of Neo-Paganism beliefs, it really comes down to individual interpretation of scriptures. Neo-Paganism should be proud to be associated with Witchcraft, because the emphasis of that label is on the individual as a natural priest. We have the power within us to commune with Nature, and any other higher powers that we wish to pray to; and reserve the right not to pray.

To be fair it should also be said, that Neo-Pagans often have contemporary liberal values; that are not only at odds with certain understandings of Abrahamic Monotheism, but also ancient Paganism. For example if most ancient Druids were involved with human sacrifice, most modern Neo-Pagan Druids are not involved with human sacrifice, for ethical and legal reasons. Truths or myths of the past are like teachers, they should guide us to find our own ways. It is often very important for new generations to distinguish themselves from their parents. New-Age beliefs embrace this common universal paradigm.

Neo-Pagans believe it is ok to believe in deities your own way. This allows for Agnostic, or even Atheist, interpretation of mythology. Pagans are free to believe in deities that are Jungian archetypes, or just really cool fictional characters; because it is the meaning of myths to the individual that matters most. Witches and warlocks can determine for themselves what it means to believe in the powers of their faith. Human psyche is liberated in the New-Age to be diverse, and in Neo-Paganism we can be united in our diversity. With tolerance, we can coexist, and even harmoniously respect our neighbor’s deities.

Witch Murders

Between 1300-1700, tens-of-thousands of Europeans (mostly women) were executed for “practicing witchcraft”, in a church-government sanctioned mass hysteria academics call the ‘witch craze’. People were burned, drowned, hanged, beaten, and crushed after “trials” in both secular and religious courts; orchestrated or lynched by vigilante mobs. By the most conservative estimate, Dr. Ronald Hutton’s count of execution records, between 35,184 and 63,850 witches were killed (at least 17,000 in Germany). Sociologist Nachman Ben-Yehuda estimates the combined death toll could have been as high as 500,000. The phenomenon of ‘witch hunting’ was a massive concerted prolonged crusade.

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Historic Paganism and Human Sacrifice

Posted in History, Pagan, Religions with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 5, 2013 by Drogo

Ancient writers were always accusing enemy cultures of evil deeds. This type of propaganda is still used today, as evident with main-stream news networks. While the ancients made many factual detailed accounts, there is no doubt that as humans they were just as fallible to influences as we are today. Historians today seem unable to cite any substantial archeology to defend the Greek, Roman, or Jewish claims that their enemies conducted mass human sacrifices; at least by our traditional literal definition of Satanic ritual human sacrifice. There is no conclusive evidence regarding human sacrifice in Celtic or Canaanite history, anymore than in early Greek, Roman, or Jewish history.

Rumors about enemies executing criminals, assisted suicides, or cremation of dead bodies were easily labeled simply as ‘sacrifice’ because rituals were overseen by priests. These manipulated rumors were spread by a few select literate sources to an already biased audience ignorant about barbarian culture. With no counter-culture period writings, we cannot believe the accusing texts at surface value, despite the appearance of fairness due to some compliments or rhetorical claims.

Sacrificing human lives during a war or battle certainly happened, and continues to happen in military conflicts and secular fights today. There are religious aspects to conflict sacrifices, but are more related to fighting, war, and secular killing in general. Conflict sacrifice deserves its own essay; regarding suicide, decapitation, cannibalism, and other practices before, during, and after fighting or hunting.

The Hebrew Torah references human child sacrifice in ancient Egypt, Israel, & Canaan. When the Torah mentions child sacrifice in terms of the first born sons of Israel, it is considered an acceptable metaphor, or symbolic ritual rite of passage into religious service. Curiously the Torah does not make a detailed account of Hebrew child sacrifice when Moses says “’With a mighty hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is why I sacrifice to the LORD the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons’.” – Exodus 13:14

I believe by the time of Moses, most cultures that practiced human sacrifice had a concept of sacrifice as a ‘tax payment’ to a higher authority. In Israel they ‘sacrificed’ their first born sons to the higher authority of the Jewish Temple Priests, in the name of God. In Canaan they ‘sacrificed’ their children to the higher authority of the Babylonian Temple Priests of Ba’al. Canaanite rituals probably included rites-of-passage where their youth passed through sacred flames (fire baptism), as existed in many other cultures from Egypt to America. First born sons were sacrificed by parents, meaning they gave them over to the priests in the service of a Temple. In Egypt the lambs’ blood on the doors meant that they had already sacrificed lambs to God, so they did not owe him their sons. This trade of sacrifice is known as Consecrated Redemption, which is described later in the Torah (Numbers 3:49).

In modern times we do use the term ‘sacrifice’ when describing military service, and patriotic parents accept this sacrificial concept of duty to the nation. We also use the word ‘sacrifice’ when following strict religious restrictions; giving up one thing for another higher blessing. My argument is that the origins of our modern definition of ‘sacrifice’ was possibly started during the time of Abraham, when God told him he could sacrifice a lamb instead of his son. By the time of Moses, sacrifice (even human sacrifice), meant trading one valuable asset to an authority, to insure the blessing of another. So when the Torah refers to sacrifice, it is referring to the established traditional ritual metaphor.

The ritual metaphor of human sacrifice relating to death, was often over-emphasized as political propaganda for their intended audience. It is much easier to reject the practices of others, if we believe them to be repulsive. Sacrificing sons (giving money to priests) may have been a tax on the parents for being able to keep their child; as with livestock God demands a sacrifice, but you can exchange one animal for another, or the monetary equivalent. In the New Testament Jesus was worth sacrificing a dove to the Temple. Jesus later became the ultimate human sacrifice when he died for our sins, so that no one needed to give sacrifices to the Temple anymore, because he said through him we can ask God directly for forgiveness, and he paid the price of sin for all. This was very popular with poor people, since they often could not afford the price of sacrifices. Also the sacrifice tax may have been intended as population control.

Another problem with biblical terms, is that Canaanites and Israelites were ethnically similar by the Second Temple period (Job 40:30, Proverbs 31:24). In archaeological and linguistic terms, the kingdoms of Israel and Judah were a subset of Canaanite culture. The disdain for Canaanites in the Torah was related to the semantic use of the word Canaanite as a synonym for merchant or trader who does business with Babylon. Clearly the Jewish Temple Priests did not like outside religious influence, as it was threatening their power and diminishing their sacrifice (tax) income.

Regarding literal historical Pagan human sacrifice by American Aztec Priests, and some Native Asian Islander cannibalism, there is more evidence that they actually did kill many humans to appease the gods or gain their powers. Despite this fact, human sacrifice is not mandated by main-stream Neo-Pagans today in any form. Human sacrifice for salvation is generally rejected by New-Age ideology, as salvation typically comes from within and is achieved through self-realization, without the need to contribute to an institution or higher authority. Most people do not like to pay taxes anyway.

christ recycles

African / Egyptian Origin Stories Summary

Posted in Pagan, Religions with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 22, 2013 by Drogo

The African Continent is our birth place, and oldest known homeland. In Africa the earliest humans first began worshiping spirit deities (between 7,000,000-100,000 BC). Early tribes were all hunters and gatherers, until domesticated animals and agriculture sometime after the Ice Ages (10,000 BC). It is the largest continent, with 5 major regions, and 54 countries. The earliest African written records come from Egypt in North Africa (3,300 BC). Bantu languages spread from West-Central Africa to Swahili East-South Africa (1000 BC – 500 AD). In South Africa the San tribe lived there before the Zulu. West Africa had the Akan, Edo, Yoruba and Igbo tribes. According to statistics, Abrahamic religions dominate modern Africa; yet an indigenous religious foundation remains, passed down orally for generations, to be practiced today, and forever. Tribal African mythologies are an eternal human heritage.

 

Egyptian, North Africa

Tomb hieroglyphics, images, and writings (2780–2250 BC) tell of many creator gods and various legends. The World of Egypt was created in diverse ways according to different areas. The World emerged from an infinite, lifeless Sea when the Sun rose for the first time. Different myths attributed the creation to different gods: the primordial Ogdoad Eight, the self-engendered God Atum, his offspring the contemplative Ptah, and the mysterious, transcendent God Amun.

Egyptian history begins with the first man (Phoroneus) and woman (Niobe), and after the Deluge with Deucalion and Pyrrha.

Niger River Bantu, Ivory Coast Akan, West Africa

The terracotta Nok culture (1000 BC – 200 AD), evolved into Yoruba. Olorun created human destiny (Ayanmo), and physical reality (Aye). Humans pray to their connected spirits (Ori-Orun-Inu), and reincarnate, to eventually return to Olorun’s Spirit Realm (Orun-Rere). Those who lose their way are in the ethereal Realm of Broken Pottery-Shards (Orun-Apadi). Akan traditions stress living in harmony with the Universe. Universal Harmony can be preserved by maintaining proper relationships with all beings in daily life. Akan pantheism includes a creator deity (Nyame), local spirits (abosom), and ancestor spirits (samanfo). Akan prefer to pray using fetishes (suman) to the lesser deity spirits, regarding luck. Human souls have three aspects: immortality, personality, and matrilineage.

 

Kuba (Bushongo) of Congo Zaire, Central Africa

Mother Earth and her husband, Heaven, were created by the creator deity, Mbomba. The couple used to live together, but after a terrible fight Heaven left Earth and they have been apart ever since. Goddess of Lightning caused trouble on Earth, so she was sent back to the Sky. She occasionally returns to bring fire to the Earth.

 

Kenya, East Africa

The god of the Akamba people is the Strong Lord. He is a merciful King of spirits. Strong Lord helps humans occasionally with consolation and sustenance. But he is also a god of judgment and vengeance. Distributor Asa Mwatuangi. Creator Mulungu. Fashioner Mumbi.

 

Zulu, South Africa

Zulu religion has many deities associated with animals or natural phenomena. Unkulunkulu (Greatest One) is the Creator God of humanity. He was created in the reeds of Swamp World Uhlanga, before he came to Earth. Sky Father Umvelinqangi (First One) is god of thunder and earthquakes. River-Snake Goddess Mamlambo is deadly. Nomkhumbulwane is goddess of rainbows, agriculture, rains, and ale.

Edo_ivory_mask