Archive for Politics

Philosophical Anarchism

Posted in Cooperative collaboration, Critical Commentary of Civilization, ecovillages, Legal / Laws, Sustainability, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on October 29, 2018 by Drogo

Anarchy is absence of supreme government leaders, company authorities, or laws. Anarchism is rejection of central state or group hierarchy for collaborative democracy and independent freedom. Anarchy does not mean ‘let chaos rule’, but can be messy as individuals express themselves voluntarily. Lack of direction from a boss can be scary for many who prefer to be told what to do. Another problem is the political vacuum of anarchy allows despots to use charisma and power to shatter the ideal potential of anarchy and democracy, and create populist structures of obedience to corrupt state systems.

Anarchy is a natural feeling for many people who have an intuitive reaction to any perceived authority over them; which maybe related to our pre-history. Civilization is considered new and brief compared to thousands and thousands of years when humans must have lived more or less like other wild animals with no writing, and no language rules, in primitive anarchy. This anti-authoritarian type of human nature can manifest in complex egalitarian cultures, and thus can create advanced anarchy systems based on cultural capacities. Proudhon considered anarchism to be a political philosophy for “stateless societies based on voluntary associations”. Having no desire for authoritarian companies or governments, anarchists often try to organize and maintain voluntary institutions (like SCOD).

Labor unions (aka trade unions) are groups or collectives of workers, organized to represent their job interests within capitalism. Unions are similar to trade guilds, except they are often employees of companies that need to negotiate with bosses using social pressure and collective protest bargaining, with threat of striking vs lay-offs to enforce contracts. Safety standards, living wages, and benefits are labor themes.

Philosophical anarchism often relates to democracy, communism, socialism, and labor unions because they all are systems to empower workers to control leaders, companies, and governments by the people being responsible for their power. The term ‘worker’ (proletariat) represents the bulk of citizens or their families, and therefore the masses of society. When the workers have to power to vote directly and frequently on their bosses, companies and governments become decentralized and depend on social networks and sub-cultures.

anarchy

[see also Mondragon, Mother Jones, Emma Goldman]

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Power Corrupts People

Posted in Critical Commentary of Civilization, Education / Schools, Ethics & Morals, History, Recommendations & Tributes, Spiritual, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on October 15, 2018 by Drogo

Baron J.E.E. Dalberg-Acton (aka Lord Acton 1834-1902) was a noble English Catholic historian, politician, and writer. Lord Acton knew several major foreign languages. Acton’s linguistic and religious passion may have influenced Tolkien many years later. A fellow Catholic, Tolkien used the literary legacy that power tends to corrupt even the best men, as his main theme. In Lord of the Rings, the most powerful Ring cannot be used as a tool for good by even the best heroes, because they too would eventually be corrupted, no matter their intentions. The revelation seems to be that power is part of Original Sin as described in the the Bible, in the book of Genesis, in the Garden of Eden. The Old Testament myth that humans fell from the grace of godly paradise because we submitted to the evil temptation of power (the apple advocated by the serpent), seems to have found new expression in the words of these men. Acton collected a large historical library for the “History of Liberty”. Acton was politically Liberal, and travelled greatly. Acton loved reading original historic letters. Acton lived at his country house in Aldenham, Shropshire; and served in the House of Commons. Acton admired the U.S. Government for the Constitution, but oddly sided with the southern Confederacy for defending individual citizen liberties against the tyranny of Union Federal empire (while ignoring slavery). Acton was appointed to the Royal Victorian Order, as a Knight Commander (KCVO).

“History is the arbiter of controversy, the monarch of all she surveys.” “There is not a more perilous or immoral habit of mind than the sanctifying of success.” [about Oliver Cromwell] “The strong man with the dagger is followed by the weak man with the sponge.” “Liberty is not the power of doing what we like, but the right of being able to do what we ought.”

In 1887 Lord Acton wrote his most famous quote:

“…I cannot accept your canon that we are to judge Pope and King unlike other men, with a favorable presumption that they did no wrong. If there is any presumption it is the other way, against the holders of power, increasing as the power increases. Historic responsibility has to make up for the want of legal responsibility. Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority, still more when you super-add the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority. There is no worse heresy than that the office sanctifies the holder of it. That is the point at which the negation of Catholicism and the negation of Liberalism meet and keep high festival, and the end learns to justify the means. You would hang a man of no position like Ravaillac; but if what one hears is true, then Elizabeth asked the jailer to murder Mary, and William III of England ordered his Scots minister to extirpate (destroy) a clan. Here are the greatest names coupled with the greatest crimes; you would spare those criminals, for some mysterious reason. I would hang them higher than Haman (biblical Persian minister in the Book of Esther), for reasons of quite obvious justice, still more, still higher for the sake of historical science.”

He is best known for that remark he wrote in a letter to an Anglican bishop; but according to an editor of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica: “Lord Acton has left too little completed original work to rank among the great historians; his very learning seems to have stood in his way; he knew too much and his literary conscience was too acute for him to write easily, and his copiousness of information overloads his literary style. But he was one of the most deeply learned men of his time, and he will certainly be remembered for his influence on others.”

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Mohandas ‘Bapu’ Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) was an Indian Hindu non-violent civil disobedience activist. Gandhi was leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. Gandhi’s self-sacrifice inspired freedom movements for civil rights across the World. Raised in a merchant caste family in India, he later trained in law in London. Gandhi first used non-violent civil disobedience in South Africa, for colonial civil rights. Returning to India in 1915, he organized farmers and workers to protest against high land tax and bigotry. Leading the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led national campaigns for social causes and self-rule (Swaraj).

Gandhi helped India challenge the British salt tax by marching in 1930. In 1942 Gandhi called for the British to leave India. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in South Africa and India. Gandhi lived modestly in a community and wore a traditional hand-spun Indian dhoti and shawl. Gandhi was vegetarian and took long fasts for spiritual and political reasons. Muslim Nationalism (Pakistan) and Gandhi’s Hindu pluralism in India helped to force Britain out of India in 1947.

Displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs migrated; and religious violence broke out in Punjab and Bengal. Gandhi visited the riots to help and fasted to stop religious violence. Hindu nationalist conservatives criticized and assassinated Gandhi. Gandhi’s birthday is commemorated in India as a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence. As with all martyr heroes that lives real lives, Gandhi had many human flaws of the sort that might be emphasized more when historical writers express loss of popular favor their cults.

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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien’s work was certainly influenced by the events of the World Wars, despite his public refusal of metaphor speculation. ‘The Lord of the Rings‘ explores abuse of corrupt power, by considering that the temptation of use of power can eventually corrupt anyone. The One Ring of Power created by Sauron promises great power, but eventually corrupts all who use it. Even good people are corrupted by lust for the Ring because of its power to rival Sauron, and by using its vast powers even the lightest souls darken. The ones best able to carry the Ring are innocent souls with meager ambition, and the best they can do with the Ring is to destroy it.

Tolkien said these words about power: “The proper study of man is anything but man, and the most improper job of any man . . is bossing other men. Not one in a million is fit for it, and least of all those who seek the opportunity.” [Letters #52] Tolkien believed that leaders should be judged by their example, more than common people are judged [James 3:1]. Power and authority allow for the most terrible things. The misuse of power often ruins leaders and followers who allow the abuse to happen. Vigilant active citizens will demand wise balance.

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Power within us and others is clearly our responsibility; not only to control our own will power to keep it within reason, but also to influence the power that we allow others to hold over us and others. If citizens cannot control their own leader’s passion for power from within a government using democracy, then it will be left up to other governments in other countries (see World Wars). The conclusion to the problem of power is perhaps best summarized by Spiderman in Marvel Comics – “With great power, comes great responsibility.”

SCOD Constitutions

Posted in Legal / Laws, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on July 12, 2018 by Drogo

There have been several SCOD Constitutions written, here are two primary versions: the Conventional Law version, and the Fallout 2020 Fictional version. The main difference being the Conventional one has a president and legal framework, and the Fictional one is governed chiefly by Council collective vote with flexible format.

SCOD Conventional Law Constitution

SCOD Non-Profit Organization BY-LAWS

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ARTICLE I

SCOD Membership and Dues [2015]

Section 1. Any person interested in the purposes of the organization who applies for membership in an appropriate classification of membership and who tenders the necessary dues shall thereby become a member.

Section 2. Annual dues for general members shall be $10.

Section 3. Annual dues for council members shall be $10.

Section 4. Annual dues paid in advance; members more than six months late after payment is due shall be dropped from active membership status.

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ARTICLE II

Schedule and Quorum for Meetings

Section 1. Regular meetings shall be held on the first Saturday of each month.

Section 2. Meetings are led and may be rescheduled by the President.

Section 3. The council (board of trustees) shall meet every month.

Section 4. Three (3) present council members constitute a quorum.

Section 5. Any member that attends meetings can be in the council.

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ARTICLE III

Duties of the Officers and Trustees

Section 1. The president shall have executive supervision over the activities of the society within the scope provided by these bylaws; and presides over meetings. The president shall report annually on the activities of the society, and shall appoint members to committees, staff, ambassadors, and delegates.

Section 2. The vice-president shall assume the duties of the president in the event of absence, incapacity, resignation, or removal of the president.

Section 3. The secretary shall keep minutes, records, and documents of meetings and correspondences; maintain member list, and present annual reports.

Section 4. The treasurer shall be responsible for keeping society funds; maintaining adequate financial records; investments and deposit banking in the name of the society. The treasurer will collect dues, keep annual reports, and handle legal and tax laws and requirements.

Section 5. The council shall have the power to conduct all affairs of the society. It shall select candidates for office, pursuant to the constitution. The council shall decide questions of policy for expedient functionality, and follow the by-laws and regional laws to the best of their ability.

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ARTICLE IV

SCOD Committees

Section 1. The society shall have the following standing committees:

(a) Library Committee. Responsible for collecting; cataloging; publishing; and caring for manuscripts, books, and other SCOD source material.

(b) Tavern Committee. Responsible for ‘Public Hall’ museum, store, library, maintenance, rooms, kitchen, workers, and public communication.

(c) Village Committee. Responsible for finding members, membership drives, processing new candidates, and providing housing options for them.

(d) Project Committee. Responsible for creating and managing programs and projects; and forming sub-groups for supporting productivity.

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ARTICLE V

Parliamentary Authority

Section 1. The rules contained in Robert’s Rules of Order shall form the basis for meetings, except in such cases as are governed by constitution or the by-laws.

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ARTICLE VI

Amendment to the By-laws

Section 1. These by-laws may be amended at any regular or special meeting by a two-thirds vote of those voting, provided notice was given at the previous meeting. Or they may be amended at a special meeting called for that purpose, with previous notice and a two-thirds vote. All proposed amendments shall be submitted in writing.

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ARTICLE VII

SCOD Name and Nonprofit Policy

Section 1. Name. This organization is the ‘Sustainable Cooperative for Organic Development’, referred to as “S.C.O.D.”.

Section 2. Nonprofit Policy. SCOD shall not be operated for profit, and its entire assets shall be devoted to the purposes for which it is organized (see constitution mission statements), by-laws, and amendments.

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ARTICLE VIII

SCOD Purposes

Section 1. Purposes. The purposes of SCOD as set forth in its constitution are exclusively educational in nature, to wit:

SCOD is an environmental and historical group dedicated to helping humans live more harmoniously with nature.”

a. To design alternative architecture, build organic communities, and support ecological produce (food, art, music, etc.)

b. To think, imagine, design, & create organically together in sustainable ways for environmental and historical education.

c. To love and protect Nature using art, architecture, and technology as stewards.

d. To explore and defend bio-diversity, alternative innovation, history, and environmental efforts.

e. To encourage others in positive, encouraging, cooperative ways.

f. To seek sustainable cooperation for organic dwelling.

g. To seek allies and maintain network communications.

h. To study history, arts, and sciences; and share and trade with many communities.

i. To sustain itself through public forums, communications, meetings, archives, and projects.

j. To handle and settle disputes internally, without involving external parties, for self-sufficiency.

k. To support Nature, cooperatives, environmentalism, history, arts, religious freedom, and peace.

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ARTICLE IX

SCOD Council (Board of Trustees)

Section 1. Election and Powers. The Council shall have custody, control and direction of SCOD, its collections, properties, and other assets. Council Members (Trustees) shall be selected at the first Annual Meeting. Each Trustee shall serve until their successor is chosen and qualified; unless vacated by resignation, death, removal, or otherwise.

Section 2. Number. The number of Trustees constituting the Council shall be not less than three (3) nor more than twenty-five (25), and shall be fixed by resolution of the Council. Majority votes determine members of the Board, may resolve to increase or decrease the number to the extent permitted, provided that no decrease shall shorten the term of any incumbent Trustee.

Section 3. Classes. Each ‘Trustee Term’ is three (3) years, but council members can serve infinite consecutive terms, unless voted out by the Council.

Section 4. Vacancies. In case of any vacancy in the Council, a majority of the remaining Trustees may elect a successor to fill the unexpired term, and to serve until his or her successor shall have been duly elected and qualified.

Section 5. Absences. If any Trustee shall fail to attend three (3) consecutive Council meetings without excuse accepted as satisfactory by the Board, such Trustee shall be deemed to have resigned and the vacancy shall be filled.

Section 6. Removal. At any meeting of the Board of Trustees duly called, any Trustee may, by vote of two-thirds (2/3) of the entire Board, be removed from office and another may be elected by the Board to fill the unexpired term of the Trustee so removed.

Section 7. Meetings. The Annual Meeting for Council Membership decisions, shall be held in the first month of each year on such date and at such time and place as may be fixed by the Board of Trustees and named in the notice. Regular Meetings shall be held on the first Saturday of each month.

Section 8. Agenda for Regular Meetings. The agenda or order of business for each Regular meeting shall include the following:

(a) Call to order
(b) Roll Call
(c) Approval of Minutes
(d) Financial report
(e) Reports of Regular Committees
(f) Reports of any other Committees
(g) Report of the Director
(h) Old business
(i) New business
(j) Adjournment

Section 9. Notice of Meetings. Notice of the time and place of every meeting shall be sent not less than ten (10) nor more than twenty (20) days before the meeting, but is not mandatory if it is a regularly scheduled meeting.

Section 10. Waiver of Notice. Notice of a meeting need not be given to any Trustee who submits a signed written waiver thereof, whether before or after the meeting, nor to any Trustee who attends the meeting without protesting, prior thereto or at its commencement, the lack of notice.

Section 11. Quorum. Three (3) present council members constitute a quorum.

Section 12. Action Without a Meeting. Any action required or permitted to be taken by Council or any committee thereof, may be taken without a meeting if all Council members or the committee consent in writing to the adoption of a resolution authorizing the action. Such resolution and the written consents thereto by the members shall be filed with the minutes of the proceedings.

Section 13. If SCOD dissolves, assets will be distributed for an exempt purpose as described in section 501(c)3 for a public purpose; such as donations to a local homeless shelter or soup-kitchen.

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SCOD Fallout 2020 Fictional Constitution

We the members of SCOD, In order to form a union, seek justice, provide protection, and promote welfare with the blessings of liberty; do ordain and establish this Constitution for our Sustainable Community for Organic Dwelling (SCOD).

We have a round table council of members who act as stewards whose main ranks are based on seniority, skill, duty, and popularity; but are mostly equal socially with basic rights with no king, president, or mayor. When requested we can appoint figure-head representatives and commissions relative to the negotiation or investigation needed. For absentee or abstained votes that result in a stalemate, the Council may select temporary members to cast a tie-breaking votes. Children can partake and have their own ‘kid councils’. Procedures may be conducted by any member who wishes to run a meeting, accepted by a majority, and any can propose voting at any time (needs a ‘second’), unless a temporary vote sustains more formal procedure.

The powers of SCOD council are to allocate functions, share information, to hold court meetings, to judicate group decisions, to write and enforce rules and rights, and to protect property, archives, and treasuries. Meetings should only be a frequent as is reasonable for the group.

to allocate functions – functional positions can be randomly addressed, rotate annually, or be held by vote for conducting: information; meetings; justice (defense); and preservation (architecture, archives, treasury).

to share information – Public bulletin boards, relay of messages, reminding of duties, and monitoring, notices, and reporting of general well-fare and council projects should be kept by a secretary. Also to keep libraries and appoint mentors (teachers) and journalists (reporters) for making general knowledge available in public lectures or archives.

to hold court meetings – SCOD council may act as a jury court for public or personal disputes, as best suits each case; or may appoint commission courts or temporary independent courts. When decisions affect people, those people should be present if possible to have a fair and open hearing.

judicate group decisions – Regular voting is to be conducted as democratically as possible, meaning direct and equal votes by all members within reason. A most neutral or wise judge may be appointed temporarily to run a case proceeding, but in most cases the council can act as a jury of judges for verdict and sentencing. Philosophy of fairness should be studied for justice.

to write and enforce rules and rights – Besides voting, SCOD council should record their decisions, and then be prepared for law enforcement and defense of member rights for the sake of justice and preservation. Basic human rights are: the right to life (air, food, drink), liberty (freedoms), and property (breathable air, shelter space, possessions); the right to have weapons and use martial arts for defense, including safe practice space; freedoms of action (work and travel) and expression (speech, art, writing, garb, dance). How to non-lethally arrest an infringing perpetrator who has infringed on the rights of others, presents a catch-22 hypocrisy that should be defined to maintain prisoner survival rights (life) if possible; while removing their liberty, property, and martial defense.

to protect property, archives, and treasuries – Preservation of landscape, architecture, archives, and treasury can be handled best by officers for each of these subjects, over-lapping with issues of justice and information. Financing should be kept conservative, in favor of savings interest income on loans and debt collection with collateral as a communal bank trust.

The potential of the constitution is only as good as the people that use it.

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Corruption Trials Can Create Change

Posted in Philosophy, Politics, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on November 26, 2017 by Drogo

Some people fear holding officials accountable, in fear of another corrupt vice politician hypothetically causing more problems, or that it would mean endless hearings and trials about corruption, thus grid-locking government more than usual. Having more public attention about corruption, could force restructuring of democracy for functionality. To me it seems irrational to allow a terrible leader to continue causing harm, by any illogical reasoning that allows abuse instead of ethics. To be fair it would be interesting to hear a scenario where oligarchs would allow our change to happen; which might well be impossible so long as corporations and plutocrats control the economy and campaign finance aka bribery. Perhaps the ultimate conclusion is that people en mass create the social change that years from now facilitate economics and politics for small people and all people. How grassroots change happens is first by compassionate communication for the less fortunate poor, with at least some frequency and sympathetic rationality using arts and sciences to reflect egalitarian goals and aspirations. Over time systems become run by people with the collective core values that groups of people expect and demand, even if their words and promises fall short of actions. Needed actions tend to happen when individual people feel empowered enough to carry out the activities that give them rewards (see Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’). If individuals can run large groups democratically with enough members to fill offices and run accountability rules, then Plato’s need for a Philosopher King would be overturned by the majority of masses joining Socrates and Diogenes in noble quests in common spaces using dialog instead of only fixed rhetoric and abuse of power. Perhaps democracy can hold leaders accountable, rather than jail or execute public nuisances.

Who will resist the King?

Posted in Poems, Rhymes, Riddles, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , on September 30, 2017 by Drogo

Liberty Poem

 

Who will resist the King?

When he orders your money be spent on weapons to kill?

Rather than health or education

Who will resist the King, when the King comes calling?

Who will take to bended knee, when the King comes calling?

Who will bow down, and humbly offer their neck,

rather than follow dictated orders?

Who will refuse to obey our sovereign lord,

who claims to have won the right to rule?

When he cares for no one with less money?

Who will resist the King?

When he issues the order to arrest your friend?

Who will resist the King?

When he orders to arrest your brother or mother??

Who will resist the King?

When he orders to arrest your lover.

Who will resist the King?

When he orders to arrest you???

[ Audio Reading of the Poem ]

[ Audio Reading of the Poem set to Music (O-Fortuna) ]

trump and P

Social Anarchy Dream

Posted in Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on August 24, 2017 by Drogo

Poetic Essay by Drogo Empedocles

Social psychology is affected by our social subconscious, metaphorically translated from and by cultural myths, regional legends, and local lore. In Jungian terms, we have collective dreams….. The split in philosophy between science and psychology is largely ignored by the masses, due to politics and economics. Our current political-economic model of Capitalism ensures that the masses remain subjugated, and the masses are increasingly aware of that. When having a car becomes required for lower class jobs, having a car is no longer a luxury, it is a burden of responsibility. Each new mandatory requirement of society, becomes a shackle upon humanity. If some of those shackles can be removed by government, it would be possible to have real democracy. That would then bring up the need to define democracy relative to our needs; which is the question of what natural or civil rights are, and how they should be allowed to be expressed by law.

But of course some say government is always a problem, and less of it is better than more regardless of population; yet I cannot stop thinking that with more population is more government needed? Indeed perhaps every citizen should be an ambassador or counsel for council some times. One might call that social anarchy.

SCOD Moral Philosophy

Posted in Military, Psychology, Rhymes & Riddles, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , on July 8, 2017 by Drogo

The ball or the sword, a tale of two opposites

when I was a boy, I had a very important moral decision to make, and I knew by the time I was an adult, I needed to make up my mind which political polarity side I was on (Left or Right). I remember trying to be either extreme Right or extreme Left. I first tried being as Right-wing as I could be as a teen, wearing military uniforms, school uniforms, business suits, racing fast cars, and glorifying violence and military might; and to this day I have very militant or strict law-abiding attitudes towards things, and severe punishments for the slightest offense. After trying to follow the best corporate pioneer and team role-models I had observed over the years, I decided that competition at all costs was not for me; but it took becoming abusive to others to understand that for me, that way of thinking was poison for which there was no immunity to. I chose the side that wanted to control through Peace and Love, over the side that was for an Abuse and Violence or Predator and Victim system. Happy lives use less poisons, and for some there may be psychological disorders that result from capitalism. The choice of the ball or the sword (Lone Wolf & Cub) falls to all of us, at various phases of life, and as different metaphors as obstacles to our intention to lead a good or happy life.