Archive for science

Science As Process

Posted in Commercial Corporations, Cooperative collaboration, Critical Commentary of Civilization, History, Science & Math, Sustainability, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , on April 8, 2019 by Drogo

Scientific Sustainable Issues


I trust people who are dedicated to provable facts, and able to negotiate about debates on what constitutes “evidence”. Environmental data is debated by those scientists highly educated while it is gathered and for years afterwards in universities that are socially liberal but academically conservative; which is a reflection of conventional society and group societies and trade organizations. There will always be the fringes that ask questions, and push limits. i side with scientific consensus, regardless of corporate propaganda (probably just because i have never been bribed enough), but i always remember that minority questions can change the course of scientific progress on issues. Human philosophical rationality can be used to determine all scientific or factual conclusions, for example to determine what defines pollution and how much pollution is allowable in a given area; and those conclusions will change to adapt to the data.

2 Climate Change Theories

Posted in Artificial Chemical Products, Climate Change, Commercial Corporations, Critical Commentary of Civilization, Military, Science & Math, Technology - Vehicles, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 3, 2019 by Drogo

Scientific vs Corporate

The main climate change theory i will call the Scientific Climate Theory presented by the majority of scientists is that artificial CO2 and other man-made (in addition to natural) factors are primarily contributing to overall global warming, which causes climate change in various ways, sometimes temporarily cooling during warm seasons (which seems like a contradiction but is not because the overall trend is warming according to annual temperature averages). This consensus in Science is supported primarily by Centrist Left Wing and Radical Liberals politically, who believe that the time for debate is over and it should not be a political issue because it is true and not just an opinion.

The minority climate change theory i will call the Corporate Climate Theory, supported by extreme skeptics of science and government (deniers), is that environmentalists are lying about the data evidence to hide that most of it is naturally either being caused by Solar irregularities or Geo-tectonic magnetic seismic shifts and volcanic activity or both. This is the side that defends those totally uninterested or ignorant in climate science as well, who doubt there are any problems with pollution that can affect global conditions. One of the issues they bring up is that storm flooding (cold) and (heat) droughts are opposites, and should not both be results of global warming. This proposed paradox does not take into account the melting of the polar ice which raises sea level, and the chaos that can result from this regarding flooding and more severe storms, freak cooling periods in some areas, but overall prolonged intense heating of the global atmosphere. Minor theories are usually supported by Radical Right Wing Conservatives and Libertarians (Corporate Centrists tend to pay lip service and not want any action on it), who believe no one should interfere in the rights of corporations to pollute, and are currently dismantling the EPA, NPS, and other branches of the government under Trump.

So to summarize, both agree that there will be more severe climate chaos like weather that is out of season. The Scientific Climate Theory says that artificially caused CO2 pollution from industry and agriculture is mainly to blame, as it can clearly be shown to increase during the Industrial Age of civilization, and not anytime in human history before this. It does have some similarities to pre-historic massive volcanic periods, but other chemical evidence and current factors rule out volcanoes as the main cause in CO2 levels currently. The most extreme Corporate Climate Theory is our government is lying to us to hide that our Sun is growing closer or more intense; which can be debunked by talking to actual scientists who observe the Sun independent of the government, and that it would make no sense for the branches of the government like the EPA or NPS or Pentagon to give false support for environmentalists, because most of the government is controlled by Corporate interests, and they do not benefit by belief in environmentalism. Corporate Green-washing is not what interests people who care about quality of life for all animals and humans, nor the military who takes the threats of Climate Change seriously due to the causes of wars that are tied to natural conditions like resources, property, shelter, and all the economics related to environmental issues. The money being made by Scientists or environmentalists currently, still pales compared to the profits of fossil fuel polluters, so the theory of profit motive causing scientists to lie about climate data is bunk as well. The debate is over for rational thinkers, but the corporate socialism vs democratic socialism debate is just beginning for a world run and terrorized by capitalists.

The Problem of Monetary Bias in Science

Posted in Artificial Chemical Products, Climate Change, Commercial Corporations, Ethics & Morals, Legal / Laws, Military, news, Sustainability, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on December 31, 2018 by Drogo

Regarding Corporate Science Corruption

By using the word ‘science’ this articles means ‘professional scientific research and technological testing’. The problem of monetary bias means how we define corruption by funding or bribery to profit over ethics. Bias can affect professional test results.

“How do we find out about the real science behind corporate chemicals?” is a great question. There are major court cases that are on-going and are finally exposing how scientists (not just politicians) are affected by where they get their funding, as other historic cases have shown before. Activists are attacked by people claiming to be the voice of scientific reason who defend corporate science, although conveniently they seem to know less about the biased details involved with how the business world affects science and our environment (not just politics). It is very difficult to get people interested in large scale safe environments, in part due to the immediate need for MONEY to supply specific food, drink, and shelter for individuals and loved ones…. until those things are taken from us. But without money we lack much power within the system, and we are accused of emotional bias, as though corporate lackeys are objective. ‘Ring of Fire’ on Youtube has lawyers involved so they are covering the news about these issues, with a bias that is dedicated to exposing how corporations function by using science for their profit as the structure of their power. It is not true that companies use science for purely objective reasons, or that they would allow themselves to be subjected to ‘objective’ science if it did not benefit them, and in fact they do everything within their power to make sure that they can control studies in their favor.

Militaries made chemical companies rich during the World Wars, which led to those companies monopolizing commercial agriculture. German companies took some of the most lethal pesticides used in the fields, and developed them to kill humans. Those toxic companies survived, although they may have changed their name or were bought. The US even secretly hired Nazi scientists after WW2, some of which were certainly guilty of crimes against humanity [Annie Jacobsen ‘Operation Paperclip’]. Money, corruption, and abuse of power can be hard to separate as intertwined issues.

Is there any way to know if the ‘peer-reviewed’ information has filtered out any bias towards the company? This is the best way to ask the question about our most ‘objective science’ regarding company neurotoxins and carcinogens. No offense to scientists, but it happens like with the Oil and Tobacco companies, pay-checks often come first for families. It does not benefit employed scientists to admit to bias, it just simply affects their way of interpreting data and conducting tests. Nuclear scientists are more prone to be in favor of things that cause nuclear radiation by down playing the risks which are acceptable costs for them in favor of ‘advancing science’ and getting their funding. Every profession is subject to this problem of economics, so i am not picking on scientists, i am an architect and many of us are rational and brilliant too, but profit influence happens in our field as well because it is the system that hires us that is on trial when it comes to environmental science ethics. Environmental peer review for Climate Change seems to be large enough to have not been as corrupted in the favor of companies as much as specific chemicals that companies produce to sell.

With so many billions of dollars at stake for corporations like Monsanto (GMO and Glyphosphate Science), our courts and scientists may not even be aware of how to be objective when their own family members have bought into the propaganda that allows them to pay their bills and provide and protect their loved ones. As with Oil Companies and Tobacco Companies, we should assume that toxins can affect us and our environment, and those that produce them should perhaps be more responsible by being held accountable. Few people will not be biased in one way or another, but real science should be the goal, not corporate greed. If it sounds like I am describing a fictional dystopia, perhaps the reader should be more realistic about how Capitalism actually works in reality (our EPA is in ruins in 2018). The larger problem of real science and the bias of money that affects us all will continue to exist so long as we allow our government to be influenced by corporate money at the highest levels, more than they are influenced by environmental ethics and a desire for more ethical science which means being more objective than the influence of money (which is asking a lot). People are innocent until proven guilty, but if a provable crime needs to be investigated we need to let the evidence decide if people are using corporations as tools to corrupt politics and science, and harm humanity in favor of profits for the few.

As an architect i take rationality and logic about designs very seriously, so i do not believe scientists are alone in wanting to take credit for knowing how we interact with our environment and how we can make technological innovations for improving humanity by using ‘facts’. “Peer reviewed” does not mean scientists do not all have their own human biases regarding how data is interpreted; that is part of my point. “Purely objective” as a philosophical ideal is worth talking about for the sake of science and law enforcement and ethics etc… This issue of the influence of money on science (and every profession and field of study) will not go away, but it is one we should deal with honestly in studying the sustainability of civilization. Peer reviews are not exempt from being reviewed over decades, with new conclusions drawn.

For more information on the 2-party corporate monopoly which funds science for war more than for peace or health, please research the 2018 US Military Spending Budget which was passed with almost no debate or media attention. Also please research our corporate bailouts during recent stock market crashes. Government and corporate spending tends to be biased towards harmful war science not helpful social science. By using the word ‘science’ this articles means ‘scientific research and technology’.


12 Monkeys SCOD Review

Posted in Critical Commentary of Civilization, Film Reviews, History, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , on May 11, 2018 by Drogo

The SCOD ‘FALLOUT 2020’ film uses critical montages of films that relate to the questioning of contemporary modern civilization, specifically the industrial capitalist way of life. Some social issues affect more than our limited individual/daily perspectives; a desire to be at constant War may have dramatic consequences on humanity and the planet Earth as we know it. The second part shows 2 kinds of holocaust survivors: surface-scraggs and under-ground-bomb-shelter-dwellers.

Contributing references are: Falling Down, Fight Club, Naquoyqatsi, Koyannisqatsi, Mad Max, Road Warrior, 12 Monkeys, the War on Terror, New World Order, 1984 George Orwell, Biohazard State of the World Address, Bad Religion, Dead Kennedys, etc

Regarding the importance of 12 Monkeys in SCOD theory, several plot points and quotes are significant for their profound post-modern meanings.

1. Historical importance has value for future events as well, because the future does become history. History has lessons, and time travel can be a state of mind.

2. The script origin ‘La Jetee’ inspired both Terminator and 12 Monkeys, and deals with time travel to stop a terrible historic event, in order to save humanity. Fate is not fixed. Technology does not solve problems for humanity without ethics.

3. Social concern for people as individuals is more important than trying to ‘save’ all of humanity through inhuman actions like war or assassination. A logical killer can be just as terrible as an emotional killer.

4. Reality and imagination are connected in ways that can easily make humans delusional, but traumatic situations can cause schizo break-downs in otherwise sober and normal people.

5. Ethical problems generally need more empathetic mystery solving, to avoid more violence later. Large environmental or social problems often make sane people do insane things.


Dr. Peters: I think, Dr. Railly, you have given your “alarmists” a bad name. Surely there is very real and very convincing data that the planet cannot survive the excesses of the human race: proliferation of atomic devices, uncontrolled breeding habits, the rape of the environment, the pollution of land, sea, and air. In this context, isn’t it obvious that “Chicken Little” represents the sane vision and that Homo Sapiens’ motto, “Let’s go shopping!” is the cry of the true lunatic?


Poet: Yet among the myriad microwaves, the infra-red messages, the gigabytes of ones and zeroes, we find words, byte-sized now, tinier even than science lurking in some vague electricity, but if we but listen we can hear the solitary voice of that poet telling us, “Yesterday This Day’s Madness did prepare; Tomorrow’s Silence, Triumph or Despair: Drink! for you know not whence you came, nor why: Drink! for you know not why you go, nor where.”

  • Cassandra in Greek legend, you recall, was condemned to know the future but to be disbelieved when she foretold it. Hence the agony of foreknowledge combined with the impotence to do anything about it.


L.J. WASHINGTON: I don’t really come from outer space. It’s a condition of mental divergence. I find myself on the planet Ogo. Part of an intellectual elite preparing to subjugate the barbarian hordes on Pluto. But even though this is a totally convincing reality for me in every way, nevertheless, Ogo is actually a construct of my psyche. I am mentally divergent in that I am escaping certain unnamed realities that plague my life here. When I stop going there, I will be well. Are you also divergent, friend?

Divergent reality is a theme of the film. Is Cole mentally divergent? Is the future of 2035 his Planet Ogo? And if so, what “unnamed realities” have plagued Cole’s life so he would invent such a reality? We don’t get any answers to these questions, and the film offers us enough evidence to craft multiple, conflicting readings. Washington appears to plant that seed of doubt, which makes the multi-layered plot more interesting.


James Cole: Look at them. They’re just asking for it. Maybe the human race deserves to be wiped out.

Jeffrey Goines: Wiping out the human race? That’s a great idea. That’s great. But more of a long-term thing. I mean, first we have to focus on more immediate goals.


I’ve never seen La Jetee. If I do something based on something else I make it a principle not to read or see the original: I’ll be intimidated by it, or I’ll feel an awesome sense of responsibility. So I avoid that problem. There was something about the idea that people putting layer upon layer to protect themselves from a potential infection, end up in a sense isolating themselves from one another. And I became obsessed with that. The locations I’ve used were old disused power stations around Philadelphia and Baltimore. Nuclear plants, factories, power stations: “cathedrals of technological progress.” I’ve always had a problem with the belief that technology was going to solve all of our problems; so I’m drawn to shooting in those places, particularly for this film, which is about decay and about nostalgia. These great spaces were considered to be providing the solution to all of our problems, yet now they’re just wasted, lying there, rotting. And that seemed very much what a lot of the film was about. About putting your faith in the wrong things. Television seems to be ubiquitous in “Twelve Monkeys”. Every scene has got a television screen in it doing something. It’s because I think television is this awful mirror that we all look into every day, but it distorts the reflection and I hate it. It trivializes life. Rather than really enlightening us, it ends up just dragging us down to the lowest, into the boring and the tedious. And however much you try to resist it, you begin to believe the world really is that way. “There’s the television. It’s all right there — all right there. Look, listen, kneel, pray!” So we’ve included it in the film. And it shows commercials that are doing strange things, and cartoons, which works very nicely as a juxtaposition to some of the scenes that are going on. – Terry Gilliam, Director



Solar Eclipse Holiday 2017

Posted in astronomy, Events / Celebrations, news, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , on August 21, 2017 by Drogo

Moon Eclipse of the Sun for Three Hours (apx)

SCOD Astronomy August 21, 2017, Observations near Washington DC East Coast America

Commentary by Drogo Empedocles as he observed the eclipse disc geometries through special star-net glasses given by Maryland Libraries, and documented in text, audio, and video.

Recorded live from 1-4pm while watching, preoccupied with metaphoric meditation while watching the event (Observation notes corrected in post-production):

“At 1:30 Pm the Sun is traveling (sunwise) clockwise from left to right (to a person standing with their head straight up), and the moon is passing right to left, down-ward, counter-clockwise. 2:16pm Sun is over 1/2 to 3/4 covered by the circular curve of the Moon’s perimeter. Sun-light remains bright, only slightly dim. No sun-rise sun-set color tones, just dimmer. Went back inside, turned off inside house lights, so the light from the windows can slowly show the progress, and i can determine how dark it gets outside compared to enclosed darkness. Sun-light dim, Later at 2:37pm close to total eclipse, curves at thin crescent. 2:52pm Eclipse in decline, passing away, pacman’s mouth headed South…. 3:23 Eclipse in final phase. 3:54 last fragment of the Sun covered, apx. END of eclipse. Interesting how quickly the Moon began to move across the Sun, and yet lingered over for much longer than its’ initial advance seemed, according to observed interaction and clocks. At no time did the sky go black, there was always some day-light to see objects. Life has not changed; but the after effect reflection on Life and Death is much deeper, than the previous excited anticipation of the event. The visual recordings from my cell phone camera do not show much evidence of the event, oddly. Several Neighbors were out-side during the central hour of the Eclipse, also observing.”

Landscape Photos:  Did NOT show significant dimming, despite observation

Soundcloud Audio Recordings:   Verbal Only  /  Reggae Remix

Video Recordings:  Did NOT show the Moon (none of the dark curves of the eclipse are visible in the videos)  Youtube – Start 12:50 Pm  /   12:56 Pm  /  1:06 Pm  /  1:39 Pm






Beamer Interview

Posted in Interviews, POB Audio, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , on June 20, 2017 by Drogo

1 – Name & Title  (ie Beamer the Scientist)

2 – How can we get from where we are, to a more Star Trek utopian future based on Exploration and Diplomacy? (politics-tech-power-economics)

3 – Why do you love magnets, robots, & renewable energy???

4 – Are alternative fuel vehicles important for transitioning to renewable energy?

5 – What are some of the basic specs on your home solar panels, and do you have any tips for others interested in investing in solar panels??

Quest for Consciousness

Posted in Economics, Politics, Science & Math, Spiritual, Sustainability, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on April 30, 2017 by Drogo

Over the years I have toured many college campuses and made appointments to meet with staff members in their architecture departments. As friendly as some of the professors may have been, they told me candidly there were no job opportunities for me as part of their faculty, and of course none of them were paid to help me, and therefore they did not. I did lecture them on SCOD thesis, and they verified that college politics was not in my favor; despite ‘sustainability’ being a popular theory.

While exploring the Maryland University campus again in 2017 for open-house Maryland Day, among my various conversations, I did have a fortunate discussion with quantum physics graduate students and a business school professor, outside of the Science Department. We were talking about particle-wave theory, the split-test experiment, and the question of what observer consciousness, or whether they turned the lights on or off had to do with it.

I congratulated the business professor for being concerned about whether science could account for consciousness; as we have a cross-disciplinary problem of not being able to quantitatively value life-forms and the Eco-system in direct ways that protect our existence from predatory capitalism. He recognized that this problem did indeed exist, and that he “only went into business to make money”, but he was very concerned about getting the scientific establishment to acknowledge that consciousness exists. I defended the students who had volunteered to answer public questions, by telling the business professor that he was “pushing the limits of their knowledge, because science is about conducting quantitative verifiable experiments; and I wish that spirit had a residue that we could measure, but there does not appear to be much evidence that conscious exists apart from biology.”

Our two quests are linked, because monetary currency is mutually agreed upon around the globe, but life and environmental science are often ignored for profits that do not take their worth into account as variables that have economic value. If consciousness cannot be verified, given quantitative worth, and supported in monetary terms, then how can we ever develop Economic Consciousness for Life-forms? Perhaps we can begin with Bio-diversity preservation theories that do not depend on ‘consciousness’. Climate Science is getting ignored currently also, so perhaps corrupt politics or predatory instincts are to blame. On a positive note, I went to the Art Department and explained this problem during another conversation about the value of art and artist income.


Mystery Living Theater – MLT 2017

Posted in Fictional Stories, POB Video, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , on January 14, 2017 by Drogo

Script for “MLT: Mystery Living Theater” video scifi series

concept: isolated prisoners in their own ‘living rooms’. they wake up with no memory, and read a note that tells them they willingly volunteered for an experiment where they are only allowed to have 10 films that they chose for unknown reasons, and can talk to other prisoners through the same screen that shows the films. Important plot details are intentionally only hinted at, to build suspense. The main secret is either that the prisoners are unconscious in an alien lab, and the experiments are simulations implanted into their dreams; or that the characters are fan-science-fiction tie-ins; or both.

influences: mystery science theater 3000, twilight zone, Lost, red dwarf, 2001; Prisoner, Rhonda Vision

setting: a modern living room; in a ‘living cell’ which is a cheesy historical recreation of a 21st century space, with anachronisms but with only ‘essential basics’ (which get expanded in later episodes)

Crew & Actors: TBA (currently in works with Rhonda Vision, Edward, Tommy, etc)

PILOT Episode (Test):  Mystery Living Room Theater 2017

backgrounds: unknown


Main Episode 1 :

Title sequence with music : White text on Black screen. 1- “MST”; 2 – “Created by SCOD”; 3- “Starring: ? & ?”

[ Camera (phone) is fixed in one place and does not ever move. ]

Woman wakes up and looks around groggy and disoriented on a sofa (or bed) wearing a strange outfit with colors and symbols on her skin. She calls out and looks around. She begins to get up slowly, and move around the room. She stops near the camera and looks into it for a few minutes (she can use the screen as a mirror to see how the light affects her features, while pondering her predicament)

[ Screen switches to ‘Movie Time’, showing only the public domain film (being filmed by the camera while the voice actors talk over it). ]

Another voice is heard, a man’s voice (Edward), and she has a conversation with them, to find out that they are another prisoner like her. The voices remain disembodied to add suspense, and reduce video recording time. Each segment ends on a cliff-hanger if possible, to break up the length into 15-30 minute episodes. Voices are dubbed over using the camera while watching the film live, or dubbing using audio recordings over downloaded films.

Woman: “Hello? Where am I? What is going on? Why is a movie starting on my screen?”

Man: “Hey is someone there? Is someone else there? I can hear you through my screen monitor! I’ve been trapped in a living room for days, watching movies, and I have no idea why!”

Woman: “I do not remember how I got here. Who are you? Why am I here?”

Man: “I don’t know who, what, where, or why regarding anything.”

Woman: “There is no door, how do I get out?”

Man: “There is no door in my room either, just a bed, utilities, and supplies. And the screen.”

Woman: “Why are they showing us movies?”

Man: (pause) “Torture?”

[ they continue to talk during the movie. A third voice (Computer) speaks during a quiet part of the film. ]

Computer: “Greetings, I am the Computer. I am monitoring you. I can speak to you both at the same time or separately, but only during movie time. During movie time you are allowed to converse, and ask me questions. We are now in movie time.”

Woman: “Wait, what? “

Man: “Just go with it. We are clearly prisoners. By the way, can we get some volume control ?”

Woman: “At least there are no fracking commercials. How long will I be held here?”

Computer: “I cannot answer those questions at this time. All is provided for you. Enjoy.”

[ computer often replies that it cannot reply at this time. resistance is useless. ]

[ episode ends after 15-30 minutes, preferably on a cliff hanger ]

END of Episode 1


Premise: individuals are trapped in living rooms and have no memories of who they are as people; but can communicate when the screen in the room shows movies…. because the computer is insane that controls our incarceration

MLT philosophical theory :

“All the World is a Stage” = talking as yourself, IS acting; which seems like a paradox, but acting is not based on saying false words, it is based on evoking truth in a role. To formulate words you are projecting what you want others to hear you say, so we make decisions on how to act for an audience just by talking. This to me is the mystery of what pretending is…. because when acting like yourself, it is not untrue. The Greeks were on to this insanity of reality, with their theaters that were social activities all day and night. This is why people change or cannot make up their minds, their inner script is rewritten.

In modern society, we are all being watching, not just by each other, but by authoritarian surveillance. America has the largest prison population in the World, and our industries are based on confining people to slavish wages and schedules. MLT: Mystery Living Theater; my new show is an attempt to show us that we can produce our own work and entertainment; based on what we have.

Danny Glover spoke at my college graduation, in Georgia in 2000. He told us that he had a reading impediment, so the hardest thing for him to do was to speak written words in front of others. So that convinced me that anyone can try to do what they want, no matter their talent level at certain aspects of a job, they can succeed by doing it their own way if other people approve.


List of public domain films that might fit our theme : (wiki)

Gulliver’s Travels, the outlaw, santa claus and martians, moon zero two, carnival of souls, conspiracy, charade, born to win, dementia 13, the general, glen or glenda, Sex Maniac, Reefer Madness, Hemp for victory, Why We Fight, Its a wonderful life, go for broke, japanese relocation, little princess, manos hands of fate, Last Man on Earth, Little Shop of Horrors, Indestructible Man, White Zombie, Teenagers from Outer Space, Terror, That Justice Be Done, Till the Clouds Roll By, A Star Is Born, The Stranger, Sin Takes a Holiday, The Silver Horde, The Secret Hour, Screaming Skull, Santa Claus Conquers the Martians, Night of the Living Dead

[ Rhonda click here this is for the Wiki List of all the films ]


Global Climate Change

Posted in Climate Change with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on July 7, 2012 by Drogo

Global Warming – Extreme Heat / Polar Melting / Coastal Flooding / Some Extreme Cooling – sporadic Cold Pockets randomly during shorter cold months / More Larger Storms / More Wars over Resources / Vast Impoverished areas due to devastation 


This is what NASA says about Global Warming:


Here is what NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) says:

Climate Change Graph:

Recent Century Temperatures Spikes:


EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) basics:

EPA = “Humans are largely responsible for recent climate change.”

“Over the past century, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The majority of greenhouse gases come from burning fossil fuels to produce energy, although deforestation, industrial processes, and some agricultural practices also emit gases into the atmosphere.

Greenhouse gases act like a blanket around Earth, trapping energy in the atmosphere and causing it to warm. This phenomenon is called the greenhouse effect and is natural and necessary to support life on Earth. However, the buildup of greenhouse gases can change Earth’s climate and result in dangerous effects to human health and welfare and to ecosystems.”



Yes climate change happens with or without us, but there is no doubt that our human INDUSTRIAL pollution has greatly affected our recent climate, and the future of human civilization on a planetary scale. Yes it should scare the shit out of people, because its an unfortunate and terrible fact.

This is one of the starting points of the logic chain behind Climate Science theory. Scientists in the 1950s, 60s, and 70s would not have shot the source of their funding in the foot, if they did not believe they were being objectively honest scientists. The Oil Companies did not like the results that their own scientists found, so they tried to bury the facts. It is not an accident that the corporate funded right wing would lie about pollution. For oil companies it is necessary to down play or discount climate science, to maintain profits. It does not take intense brain-storming to figure that out, that is just basic reasoning.

[ Environmental Science Degree .com article ‘What We Know About Climate Change‘ ]

“Scientists began to experiment with various climate change models. Perhaps one of the first experiments that confused the public regarding environmental warming vs. cooling was the one Maurice Ewing and William L. Donn offered in 1958. During that year, Roger Revelle discovered that CO2 produced by humans will not be readily absorbed by the oceans, a landmark opening salvo that destroyed a long-term standing that the immense mass of the oceans would quickly absorb whatever excess carbon dioxide might come from human activities.”
“The first meeting on causes of climate change met in Boulder Colorado in 1965, and it was here that scientists pointed to the chaotic nature of the climate systme and the possibility of sudden shifts. “
“The global environmental movement becomes stronger, and the celebration of the first Earth Day occurred in 1970. That same year, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was created as the world’s leading funder of climate research. 1976: Studies show that chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs), methane, and ozone can make a serious contribution to the greenhouse effect. Deforestation and other ecosystem changes are recognized as major factors in the future of the climate. 1977: Scientific opinion tends to converge on global warming, not cooling, as the chief climate risk in next century.”

“A new group of documents was revealed on Thursday (2018), detailing Shell’s history of studying climate change and its impacts. The documents show that not only did the company understand its role in climate change for the past several decades, but also predicted that legal liability awaited. The documents were found by Jelmer Mommers, a journalist for De Correspondent, and are available at the Climate Files website.

They are similar to the documents that the nonprofit news organization InsideClimate News unearthed in 2015 about Exxon’s decades of climate science knowledge.

Here is a timeline that shows internal research and discussions by some of the biggest oil companies over the past 40 years and how their public statements and campaigns often included very different messages. It begins to draw the picture of what the fossil fuel industry knew about climate change and when and how it contrasted with their public stance:

July 1977: James Black, a scientist at Exxon, told the company’s top management that scientific evidence showed burning fossil fuels was causing climate change.

May 1981: In a paper written for Exxon’s head of research, the company scientist Henry Shaw estimated that global temperatures will increase by 3 degrees Celsius with the doubling of the carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere, which could cause catastrophic impacts as early as the first half of the 21st century.

November 1982: Exxon distributed a paper internally on climate change that advised “major reductions in fossil fuel combustion” for limiting global warming.

June 1988: James Hansen, a NASA scientist, testified during a congressional hearing that human activities were causing global warming. It was the first major public warning of a looming climate crisis.

1988: Shell prepared an internal report called “The Greenhouse Effect” that analyzed the impacts of climate change. It noted that fossil fuel burning was driving climate change and quantified the carbon emissions from its products (oil, gas, coal) made up 4 percent of global emissions in 1984.

1989: In a move to coordinate a public response to the growing attention on climate change, a group of big businesses, including Exxon, BP and Shell, formed the Global Climate Coalition. It set out to cast doubt on climate science and lobby against efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

February 1995: An internal report by Shell warned that fossil fuel burning was the main source of manmade emissions that was driving global warming, and this fact “could have major business implications for the fossil fuel industry.” – Climate Liability News


“Exxon made the news in September and October of 2015 when research produced by InsideClimate News, the Los Angeles Times, and the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism revealed that Exxon had known since the 70s about the causes of climate change and the dangers climate disruption poses. The articles spurred a wave of actions against Exxon.

In November 2015, the New York state attorney general announced an investigation into Exxon for disclosure violations. Presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders called for a federal investigation into the company. And more than 350,000 Americans joined that call, petitioning the Department of Justice to investigate.

The news has changed the game on fossil fuel companies and their role in climate denial. But Exxon’s track record on climate science denial and climate double talk has been growing for some time. Check the timeline below for a rundown. Along the way, note how global atmospheric carbon levels continue to rise past 350 parts per million (ppm), the level scientists say is safe for human civilization as we know it, while Exxon’s profits (in nominal dollars) continue to rise. 1957
Scientists working at Humble Oil (now ExxonMobil) publish a paper on the dilution of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and ocean. The paper notes: “Although appreciable amounts of carbon dioxide have undoubtedly been added from soils by tilling of land, apparently a much greater amount has resulted from the combustion of fossil fuels”–indicating company scientists understood the link between fossil fuel use and rising CO2. (Source: Center for International Environmental Law)

1968 (Global CO2 level: 323 ppm, Exxon annual profit: $1.2 billion)
In a report produced for the American Petroleum Institute, scientists Elmer Robinson and R.C. Robbins note that, among the possible sources of rising CO2 in the atmosphere, “none seems to fit the presently observed situation as well as the fossil fuel emanation theory.” The paper warns that significant rises in CO2 could melt icecaps, increase sea levels, change fish distributions and increase plant photosynthesis.

[ Source: Center for International Environmental Law & Greenpeace ]

“The documents include a 1957 study, “Radiocarbon Evidence on the Dilution of Atmospheric and Oceanic Carbon by Carbon from Fossil Fuels,” published by scientists working for Humble Oil, a precursor of ExxonMobil. The study looked at how carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion accumulates in the atmosphere and oceans and indicates that scientists affiliated with the fossil fuel industry were not just aware of what happens to the climate when we burn fossil fuels, but were at the leading edge of scientific understanding of it. ” – UCS (Union of Concerned Scientists) USA

The fossil fuel industry hired the same schmuck that ran the disinformation campaign for the tobacco lobby to run their anti-science campaign as well.” – Scientist off the record

“A pair of studies published Wednesday provides stark evidence that the rise in global temperatures over the past 150 years has been far more rapid and widespread than any warming period in the past 2,000 years — a finding that undercuts claims that today’s global warming isn’t necessarily the result of human activity.” – ‘New Evidence’ 2019

“Climate change affects the growth of plants in three ways. First, as CO2 levels increase, plants need less water to do photosynthesis. This well-documented effect was long thought to mean that there would be more fresh water available in soils and streams. But a second effect counters that: A warming world means longer and warmer growing seasons, which gives plants more time to grow and consume water, drying the land. Researchers have now shown a third effect: As CO2 levels rise, it amps up photosynthesis. Plants in this hotter, CO2-rich environment grow bigger, with more leaves. That means when it rains there will be far more wet leaves creating more surface area for more evaporation to occur. Computer modelling shows that such enhanced leaf evaporation has a large effect on runoff and soil moisture, says Mankin.” – National Geographic


What should we do about our own pollution shit? Clean it up, and stop making more. The answer is a big part of what SCOD is all about. Renewable energy, green architecture, sustainable living, etc…. Here is what the Navajo people are doing about it! NAVAJO answer to climate change!!!


Buckminster Fuller

Posted in Alternative Architecture, Individuals / Members / Monsters / Creative Writing, SCOD Thesis, Sustainability with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 30, 2011 by Drogo

Richard B. Fuller Jr. “Bucky”  1895-1983

Design Scientist Inventor / Comprehensive Polymath Thinker

American inventor, machinist, mechanic, laborer, WW1 Navy soldier, industrial manager, scientist, engineer, architect, designer, author, teacher, professor, and genius

Tensegrity, Geodesic domes, Spaceship Earth, Ephemeralization, Synergy, Alternative, Vehicles, Fullerenes, Bucky balls, Tetrahedral Molecular Geometry, Drop City

“I was brought up under an incredible amount of misinformation” – B.F.

Bucky was born in Milton Massachusetts in 1895. He was the grandson of a Unitarian minister (Arthur Buckminster Fuller), and the grandnephew of American Transcendentalist (Margaret Fuller). Like Frank Lloyd Wright, Bucky had a Froebel Preschool-Kindergarten education. As a child, Bucky spent many years on the coast of Maine. He had trouble with abstract geometry at first, oddly, but he already loved inventing tools and contraptions. He became a certified machinist, attended Milton Academy, and later studied at Harvard. He was expelled twice from Harvard; once for partying with a vaudeville troupe, and then for “irresponsibility and lack of interest”.

Bucky realized he was a non-conformist misfit that did not fit the habitation of Harvard Fraternity life. Years later he did eventually get a Science Degree from Bates College in Maine. He worked for the meat-packing industry, and served during WW1 in the Navy. He married Anne Hewlett in 1917. In 1920 Bucky and Anne’s father developed the “Stockade Building System” Company to produce portable, sanitary, weatherproof, fireproof, affordable housing.

His SBS Company did not even make it to the Great Depression. Bucky was bankrupt and unemployed by 1922. While living at public low-income housing in Chicago, Illinois, his 2-year-old daughter Alexandra died from polio and spinal meningitis complications. Allegedly, he felt responsible and this caused him to drink frequently and to contemplate suicide for a while. He finally chose to embark on “an experiment, to find what a single individual [could] contribute to changing the world and benefiting all humanity.”

By 1928 Bucky created a social relationship with a café in Greenwich Village where he could informally lecture, exhibit, and get meals in exchange for interior decorating. It was there he met Isamu Noguchi in 1929. They worked on the Dymaxion Car and began their lifelong friendship and partnership.

In the 1930’s Bucky developed the Dymaxion Car and the Dymaxion House. During WW2 he was head mechanical engineer of the US Board of Economic Warfare.

In the 1940’s Buckminster lectured at Bennington College in Vermont, and taught at the Black Mountain College, North Carolina. He began reinventing Dr. Bauersfeld’s (1926) German geodesic dome, getting US patents, and made it more popular. In 1949 Bucky built his first geodesic dome (icosahedron). The US Army employed his firm Geodesics Inc. to make them domes.

By the 1950’s there were thousands of geodesic domes around the World. In 1955 Bucky met a new partner, James Fitzgibbon.

In the 1960’s Bucky taught at Southern Illinois University. During a meeting of the International Union of Architects in Paris, Bucky initiated a “World Design Science Decade (65-75)” to apply the principles of science to solve human problems. During this time Bucky advocated alternative renewable energy sources, and a global awakening awareness of Synergy on Spaceship Earth that makes corrupt politics obsolete.

At the Symposium on the Science of Creative Intelligence in Amherst, MA 1971; Buckminster Fuller and Maharishi Mahesh Yogi spoke at a Press Conference together. Bucky criticized previous utopian schemes as too exclusive, and thought this was a major source of their failure. To work, he thought that a utopia needs to include everyone.

As a Unitarian philosopher and scientific environmentalist, Bucky developed a term to protect our resources called Ephemeralization which meant “doing more with less”. Also combining Unitarian philosophy with science, engineering, and architecture he gave us the term Synergy. Synergetics uses physics and geometry to describe parts of a system in relation to the whole, how they change and work together. Bucky was driven by concern for human sustainability, yet he remained optimistic despite the conventional realities and set-backs during his lifetime.

Honors and Awards

28 US patents

Several Honorary Degrees

1960 awarded F.P. Brown Medal from Franklin Institute

1968 named a Fellow of American Academy of Arts & Sciences

1969 named “Humanist of the Year” by American Humanist Association

1970 Gold Medal from AIA

1983 Freedom Medal from President Ronald Reagan


“I am not trying to imitate Nature, but to understand her.”

“We have to respond to what the environment is doing.” – B.F.

“Selfishness is unnecessary and hence-forth unrationalizable…. War is obsolete.”

“The Big Show, Everything, is God to me.”