Archive for trips

Overnight Backpack Camping Gear

Posted in Hikes, Trips, Walks with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 7, 2014 by Drogo

Hiking Two Days / Camping One Night / Warm Weather

Backpack Camping Gear for Hiking to a Camping Spot and Back

Notes: I prefer to camp during the Summer (70-90 temps). Having hiked and camped almost every year of my life, i do not wear rain gear. Since im only a leisure hiker, i prefer to hike without rain; if  it rains I stop, set up a tarp, and prepare a small fire pit under the edge of the tarp to dry any wet clothing or gear until it stops. I keep the fire small so the heat does not go high enough to burn the tarp. More gear is needed for colder weather (below 70 degrees F). This list is only for nice, warm days and nights.

(this is Drogo’s opinion based on his American hiking experiences)

I divide the backpack gear into 3 categories (they are all related though):  Shelter, Cooking, and Personal Items

Shelter:  sleeping bag, straps, long cord, 2 tarps (minimum 7’x7′), tent / hammock (lighter weight for smaller people), sheet (blanket if chilly), flashlight

Cooking:  cook-pot (durable with secure lid), food (keep safe in cook-pot), water containers (minimum 2 liters), bowl / cup (durable), utensils (spoon, knife), fire items (scrap paper, matches, lighter)

Personal:  clothes (pants, shirt, 2 underwears, 2 sock pairs, head cover), Off, odorizer (deodorant, scented oil, lotion), medicine (prescriptions, spiritual, relaxant, celebration), medical kit (anti-bacterial, bandages),  tooth-brush & paste; small musical device (ipod, harmonica, flute), cell phone / camera, small book, writing tools (paper, pencils, pens, markers), towel / washcloth, walking stick…

* Drogo’s Common Backpack (personal preference)


pack inventoryTents

* see also:  Survival Inventory List

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)

Posted in Pagan, Psychology, SCOD Thesis, Trips with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 28, 2013 by Drogo

This powerful psychoactive drug is also called LSD-25, lysergide, and commonly ‘acid’. LSD is a psychedelic catalyst derived from the fungus ergot. It is well known for its extreme psychological effects. Affected mind functions include altered sensory perception and transcendental cognitive processes. Most of the effects LSD has on the mind, are still mysterious; despite years of scientific research and civilian recreational experimentation.

LSD is NOT addictive, does NOT physically ‘damage’ the brain, and is chemically NOT lethal (low toxicity). Despite those known facts, it is also true that the psychological reactions of LSD are unpredictable; but often include extreme amounts of anxiety, delusions, illusions, confusion, trances, and paranoia. So users of LSD should be warned in depth, and have therapy support resources before, during, and after LSD affects their system. Experiences on LSD are called ‘trips’, referring to how our mind can ‘travel’ in various ways, get ‘tripped-up’ (and fall afterwards), and how such shifting thoughts create and become adventures.

The first scientist to synthesize LSD was Albert Hofmann in 1938. Arthur Stoll discovered the chemical found in the grain-fungus ergot that grows on rye (grain / bread). In 1947 Sandoz Laboratories made and sold LSD as an industrial product called Delysid. In the 1950’s the CIA composed proposals and conducted programs involving LSD. The main CIA LSD research program was ‘MK-ULTRA’. CIA officials covertly gave the drug to many young American military soldiers and students; in attempts to discover chemical weapon and mind control applications. Within a few years LSD had gone ‘main-stream’, and was being used nation-wide ‘recreationally’ by the 1960’s popular counter-culture movements (hippies and other radicals). Main-stream political authorities were opposed to the mass protestors, and therefore banned the ‘consciousness-expanding’ drug LSD, “for their own good”. Now, it is currently still illegal to possess or sell LSD.

In pure form it is a clear, odorless, tasteless, solid; however it is usually transferred to paper, or administered as a liquid. LSD liquid is usually dripped onto ‘blotter’ paper, gelatin, or sugar cubes for consumption. Small drops are used because of the potency of small quantities. LSD affects 5-HT(2a) receptors in the brain.

Despite our linguistic lack of words, and the limits of those words, to describe mental or spiritual experiences; I will attempt to list and explain some of what is known by scientists and users alike. I have divided the subject of LSD effects into two main categories: sensory perception and cognitive reasoning. The two functions of ‘sensing’ and ‘thinking’ are obviously connected, but this deconstruction is meant to logically explore and understand what a human mind can go through, while on LSD. All LSD experiences depend on the user’s previous experiences, current state-of-mind, and environment; as well as dose strength of the drug. Timothy Leary spoke about the ‘set & setting’ of LSD use.

Sensory Effects: LSD can cause physical sensory (and nervous system) reactions such as visual ‘illusions’, pupil dilation, synesthesia, audio echoes, sound confusion, electro-magnetic sensitivity, time perception changes, appetite changes, wakefulness, numbness, weakness, nausea, temperature changes, hyperactivity, goose bumps, clenching, perspiration, hyper-reflexia, tremors, strong metallic taste, and heightened senses. The sensory effects of LSD are highly variable and often vague, some of which may be secondary to the psychological effects of LSD, the user, the environment, and other drugs. Time sense experience repeats, stops, slows, stretches, and quickens. Visual ‘illusions’ for LSD include: colors, tones, shades, patterns (textures), hallucinations, blurs (tracers), image replication, eidetic imagery, flight, floating, and many other optical deviations. Objects and surfaces appear to ripple, flow, breathe, change shape, change color qualities, and animate.

Cognitive Effects: LSD trips often have long-term psychological effects. It can cause significant changes in mental conditions, life goals, personality, social perspective, and universal consciousness. LSD affects thought in relation to memory, time, objects, senses, self identity (ego and personality), emotional feelings (moods), connectivity, and every other type of cognition. When LSD is taken ‘Doors of perception’ tend to open in the mind, allowing users to ‘look or move into another way of perceiving reality’. LSD works within the first hour of taking it, but lasts for an average of 12 hours. LSD is used as an ‘entheogen’ by psychedelic shamans and new-age ‘psychonauts’ for spiritual therapy. Higher doses often cause intense distortions of perception such as synesthesia, catatonic trances, distortions of space, temporal dimensions, and temporary dissociation. LSD is often helpful for intense therapeutic sessions like: pain reduction, anger management, aura cleansing, soul searching, inspiring creativity, enhancing imagination, self-awareness, pattern recognition, metaphysical sexuality, empathetic melding, and other forms of psycho-therapy.


Warning! If the user is in a hostile or otherwise unsettling environment, or is not mentally prepared for the powerful distortions in perception and thought that the drug causes, effects are more likely to be unpleasant; in contrast to a pleasant atmosphere in a comfortable environment with a relaxed, balanced, and open mind-set. This strong drug is illegal, but the US DEA makes false statements regarding it, just as they do with other illegal drugs. LSD may trigger panic attacks or feelings of extreme anxiety, colloquially referred to as a ‘bad trip’. No real prolonged effects have been proven; however, people with such conditions as schizophrenia and depression can worsen with LSD. CIA tests show that LSD does make people more susceptible to suggestion and interogation. LSD ‘flashbacks’ (intense deja-vu) can occur sometimes, from related ‘triggers’. Flashback triggers can be caused by other drugs, or just mentally (drug-free). Flashbacks can be as real as hallucinations recreating specific experiences, or simply vague feelings of recollection.

New clinical LSD experiments started in 2009 for the first time in 40 years. From 2008–2011 there has been ongoing research in Switzerland into using LSD to alleviate anxiety for terminally ill cancer patients coping with their impending deaths. Preliminary results from the study are promising, and no negative effects have been reported. The Beckley Foundation, MAPS, Heffter Research Institute, and the Albert Hofmann Foundation exist to fund, encourage and coordinate research into the medicinal and spiritual uses of LSD and related psychedelics. Thanks Wikipedia!

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Some Survival Gear

Posted in Hikes, SCOD Fallout Projects, Trips with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 13, 2013 by Drogo

Inventory Lists of Survival Gear Kits

First a generic list is important to have some basic items available in your home area at all times. Generic lists are adaptable for climate and social circumstances, etc… so you can make your own personalized special occasion trip lists. These things are vital for emergencies!

1.  Durable Sealed Food

2.  Durable Sealed Liquid Container

3.  Cook Pot and Bowl

4.  Blade and Spoon

5.  Towel and Blanket

6.  Underwear and Socks (more than needed, usable as rags)

7.  Clothing you wear while moving (jacket, hat, shirt, pants, shoes, etc)

8.  Scarf or Hanky

9.  Backpack or Duffel Bag (that most of this goes in)

10. Paper, Pencil, Marker, Matches

11. Electric Torch (flashlight) and Lighter  (flame for starting fires)

12. Flask with high proof alcohol (for cleaning wounds, gunk, and spirits)

13. strong Rope cord, thin twine string, and bandages

14. Small book, game, or instrument (harmonica, flute, percussion, etc) this is optional of course, and now would be replaced with a Cell Phone or I-Device (which might be useless if cell towers are down, and cannot be charged after a few days of battery).


Food that lasts the longest without growing mold or spoiling (MRE, crackers, salted nuts, noodles) sealed and contained in a cook pot you can put on a campfire, access to potable water, plastic or metal bottle (for water, does not break, if lost replaceable), large cup or bowl made of wood or metal, flask of alcohol, more underwear and socks than shirts and pants, medicine (if you need something specific for a severe condition), sources of portable light (one of which should have a flame for starting fires), some paper, marker, string, cord, blade, spoon, … i make it all fit in one bag i can carry with a strap over long distances.

Ultimate actual decisions are personal, and variable depending on circumstances. However it is good to have a few generic emergency scenarios, and kits, available in your home. Appalachian Trail Thru hikers agree with old sarges on this:  “Packs are too heavy, until you need what you don’t have.”


(special thanks to the Facebook group Wilderness and Urban Survival tips)

* see also:  Hiking Backpack List